Andaman and Nicobar Islands


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Andaman and Nicobar Islands

(ăn`dəmən, nĭk`ōbär), union territory (2001 provisional pop. 356,265), India, in the Bay of Bengal. Port Blair (1991 pop. 74,955), in the Andamans, is the capital. Comprising the Andaman Islands, or Andaman Archipelago (2,508 sq mi/6,496 sq km), in the north and the Nicobar Islands (707 sq mi/1,831 sq km) in the south, the territory chiefly exports tropical products and lumber. Tourism is economically important. The islands, less than 40 of which are inhabited and some of which are subject to volcanic eruptions, are administered by the home ministry in the central Indian government.

Known to Europeans since the 7th cent. A.D., the Andamans, consisting of some 300 islands, were the site of a British penal colony from 1858 to 1945. The population is made up of indigenous Negritos (numbering less than 1,000) and largely Bengali and Tamil settlers from the Indian mainland. Settlers greatly outnumber the indigenous peoples, hundreds of which died from epidemics in the late 19th cent. Some of the Negritos live largely isolated from the settlers and have preserved a Stone Age culture; their isolation is protected by the Indian government.

The Nicobars, which comprise 19 small islands, are separated from the Andamans by a channel that is 90 mi (145 km) wide. The native population is of Mongolic stock. The Nicobars became a British possession in 1869. Japanese forces occupied both archipelagos during World War II.

Since World War II and Indian independence, some of the islands have undergone significant population growth and economic development, include Indian military bases, and regular air and ship services connect the islands with the mainland. The islands were especially hard hit by the Dec., 2004, Indian Ocean tsunami, because of their relative closeness to the epicenter (off NW Sumatra) of the earthquake that caused the waves; some 3,500 people are believed to have died.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

 

a territory (administrative unit) of India. The area is 8,300 sq km. In 1966 the population was 79,000. The administrative center of the islands is Port Blair.

References in periodicals archive ?
Author affilations: Indian Council of Medical Research Regional Medical Research Centre, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India (S.
8 ( ANI ): President Pranab Mukherjee will visit West Bengal and Andaman and Nicobar Islands from January 9 to 13, 2014.
India: India on Wednesday issued a tsunami warning for the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Indian Ocean and put eastern costal states on alert, after an 8.
The group had spent four days without food before trekking through jungle to a settlement at Campbell Bay, on Great Nicobar in India's Andaman and Nicobar islands.
New Delhi, July 1 ( ANI ): Having touched down on Indian soil on June 18, the IAF's latest acquisition C-17 Globemaster-III made its maiden flight to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands on June 30.
As on 31-03-2012, tsunami affected fishermen of Andaman and Nicobar Islands had outstanding loans plus interest thereon amounting to Rs.
1,697 per month per head to the non-gazetted personnel of Andaman and Nicobar (A andN) Police and such personnel of India Reserve Battalions (IRBn) posted in Andaman and Nicobar Islands with immediate effect.
Address : Directorate Of Agriculture, Andaman And Nicobar Islands,
Singh on Wednesday said he has spoken to all the Chief Secretaries of the coastal states including Andaman and Nicobar Islands following the 8.
Port Blair, Apr 11 ( ANI ): With the Indonesian quake triggering tsunami fears across the Indian Ocean nations, including India, Chief Secretary of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Shakti Sinha, on Wednesday said there is no need to panic.
he chain of radar sensors along the entire 7,517-km coastline, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep is being set up by the Coast Guard.