Andaman and Nicobar Islands

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Andaman and Nicobar Islands

(ăn`dəmən, nĭk`ōbär), union territory (2001 provisional pop. 356,265), India, in the Bay of Bengal. Port Blair (1991 pop. 74,955), in the Andamans, is the capital. Comprising the Andaman Islands, or Andaman Archipelago (2,508 sq mi/6,496 sq km), in the north and the Nicobar Islands (707 sq mi/1,831 sq km) in the south, the two groups form an arc between SW Myanmar in the north and NW Sumatra, Indonesia, in the south. The territory chiefly exports tropical products and lumber. Tourism is economically important. The islands, less than 40 of which are inhabited, are administered by the home ministry in the central Indian government.

Known to Europeans since the 7th cent. A.D., the Andamans, consisting of some 550 mostly small islands, were the site of a British penal colony from 1858 to 1945. Barren Island, c.50 mi (80 km) east of the central Andamans, is the territory's and India's only active volcano. The population of the Andamans is made up of indigenous Negritos (numbering less than 1,000) and largely Bengali and Tamil settlers from the Indian mainland. Settlers greatly outnumber the indigenous peoples, hundreds of which died from epidemics in the late 19th cent. Some of the Negritos live largely isolated from the settlers and have preserved a Stone Age culture; their isolation is protected by the Indian government.

The Nicobars, which comprise 22 small islands, are separated from the Andamans by a channel that is 90 mi (145 km) wide. The native population is of Mongolic stock. The Nicobars became a British possession in 1869. Japanese forces occupied both archipelagos during World War II.

Since World War II and Indian independence, some of the islands have undergone significant population growth and economic development, include Indian military bases, and regular air and ship services connect the islands with the mainland. The islands were especially hard hit by the Dec., 2004, Indian Ocean tsunami, because of their relative closeness to the epicenter (off NW Sumatra) of the earthquake that caused the waves; some 3,500 people are believed to have died.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands


a territory (administrative unit) of India. The area is 8,300 sq km. In 1966 the population was 79,000. The administrative center of the islands is Port Blair.

References in periodicals archive ?
Address a meeting convened in Chennai to review the progress in implementation of National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) programmes in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and the Union territories of Puducherry, Andaman Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep.
Tenders are invited for Fabrication, Decoration And Maintenance Of Andaman Nicobar Pavilion In Pragati Maidan, New Delhi For India International Trade Fair- 2016
Andaman Nicobar Command's Commander-in-Chief Vice Admiral Devendra Kumar Joshi and Commander of Indonesian Western Fleet Command would jointly control the operations.
0,to 2-lane with hard shoulder in the union territory of andaman nicobar islands on epc basis
After successful completion of the pilot project of biometric identity card system (MNIC), the government will cover 3,331 coastal villages and the Andaman Nicobar Islands this year under the scheme," he said.
Tenders are invited for Sealed lenders are invited from bona fide & reputed Exhibition Pavilion/Stall Designer, Fabricator, Interior Decorator for Designing, Fabrication, Installation, Decoration and Maintenance of Andaman & Nicobar Pavilion on tire theme "Digital India" and organizing display of exhibits in tire Andaman Nicobar Pavilion during India International Trade Fair - 2016 at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi scheduled from 14:n November 2016 to 27" November, 2016 in Hall No.
He had also pitched in his support to build homes for tsunami victims in Andaman Nicobar islands in 2005.
Tenders are invited for Consultancy Services For Preparation Of Detailed Project Report For Construction Of 2-Lane Bridge For Connectivity Of Chatham Island And Bambooflat In The Union Territory Region Of Andaman Nicobar Islands
Tenders are invited for Supply Installation Testing Commissioning Of Tsunami Early Warning Siren System At Andaman Nicobar Islands India
Prequalification are invited for Empanelment of Spl, Public Prosecutors for conducting cases of National Investigation Agency - as noted below:- a) Bihar, b) Chhattisgarh, c) Goa, d) NCT of Delhi, e) Arunachal Pradesh, 0 Nagaland, g) Meghalaya, h) Lakshadweep (LIT), i) Andaman Nicobar Islands (UT), j) Chandigarh (UT)