Andaman and Nicobar Islands

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Andaman and Nicobar Islands

(ăn`dəmən, nĭk`ōbär), union territory (2001 provisional pop. 356,265), India, in the Bay of Bengal. Port Blair (1991 pop. 74,955), in the Andamans, is the capital. Comprising the Andaman Islands, or Andaman Archipelago (2,508 sq mi/6,496 sq km), in the north and the Nicobar Islands (707 sq mi/1,831 sq km) in the south, the two groups form an arc between SW Myanmar in the north and NW Sumatra, Indonesia, in the south. The territory chiefly exports tropical products and lumber. Tourism is economically important. The islands, less than 40 of which are inhabited, are administered by the home ministry in the central Indian government.

Known to Europeans since the 7th cent. A.D., the Andamans, consisting of some 550 mostly small islands, were the site of a British penal colony from 1858 to 1945. Barren Island, c.50 mi (80 km) east of the central Andamans, is the territory's and India's only active volcano. The population of the Andamans is made up of indigenous Negritos (numbering less than 1,000) and largely Bengali and Tamil settlers from the Indian mainland. Settlers greatly outnumber the indigenous peoples, hundreds of which died from epidemics in the late 19th cent. Some of the Negritos live largely isolated from the settlers and have preserved a Stone Age culture; their isolation is protected by the Indian government.

The Nicobars, which comprise 22 small islands, are separated from the Andamans by a channel that is 90 mi (145 km) wide. The native population is of Mongolic stock. The Nicobars became a British possession in 1869. Japanese forces occupied both archipelagos during World War II.

Since World War II and Indian independence, some of the islands have undergone significant population growth and economic development, include Indian military bases, and regular air and ship services connect the islands with the mainland. The islands were especially hard hit by the Dec., 2004, Indian Ocean tsunami, because of their relative closeness to the epicenter (off NW Sumatra) of the earthquake that caused the waves; some 3,500 people are believed to have died.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

 

a territory (administrative unit) of India. The area is 8,300 sq km. In 1966 the population was 79,000. The administrative center of the islands is Port Blair.

References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders are invited for Annual contract for outsourcing of conservancy services at nsry(pbr) including naval wharf area at port blair, andaman nicobar island
5kVA DG set in connection with Repair & Maintenance of Electrical services in Andaman Nicobar Guest House at Chanakya Puri, New Delhi.
After successful completion of the pilot project of biometric identity card system (MNIC), the government will cover 3,331 coastal villages and the Andaman Nicobar Islands this year under the scheme," he said.
Limited Tenders are invited for Hiring Of Vehicle For The Office Of Ddg Term Cell Andaman Nicobar,
He had also pitched in his support to build homes for tsunami victims in Andaman Nicobar islands in 2005.
Address : HQ CHIEF ENGINEER ANDAMAN NICOBAR ZONE PORT BLAIR
The airline also operates flights from Port Blair to Car Nicobar under charter agreement with the Andaman Nicobar Island Administration.
The company, headquartered in Tamil Nadu in India, has various projects in South Indian states like Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Andaman Nicobar Islands, as well as in Sri Lanka.