Anderson, Philip Warren


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Anderson, Philip Warren,

1923–, American physicist, b. Indianapolis, Ind., Ph.D. Harvard, 1949. After graduation he worked at Bell Laboratories; in 1975 he became a professor of physics at Princeton. In 1977 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his investigations into the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems, which allowed for the development of electronic switching and memory devices in computers. Co-researchers Sir Nevill F. MottMott, Sir Nevill,
1905–96, British physicist. A professor at the Univ. of Bristol (1933–54) and the Univ. of Cambridge (1954–71), Mott won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1977 for a lifetime of research into the magnetic and electrical properties of
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 and John H. Van VleckVan Vleck, John Hasbrouck,
1899–1980, American physicist, b. Middletown, Conn., Ph.D. Harvard, 1922. As a professor at Harvard, Van Vleck developed fundamental theories on the quantum mechanics of magnetism and on molecular bonding (ligand field theory).
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 shared the award with Anderson.

Anderson, Philip Warren

 

Born Dec. 13, 1923, in Indianapolis. American physicist. Member of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA (1967); fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1966).

Anderson took his undergraduate and graduate degrees at Harvard University. He was a staff member at the Naval Research Laboratory from 1943 to 1945 and became associated with Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1949. Anderson held a professorship at Cambridge University in Great Britain from 1967 to 1975, when he joined the faculty of Princeton University.

Anderson’s principal works have involved the quantum theory of solids. Specifically, they have dealt with magnetism (the theory of ferrimagnetism and indirect exchange interaction), disordered superconducting media (the theory of “dirty” superconductors and the theory of eddy coupling in superconductors), and the superfluidity of 3He. Anderson received a Nobel Prize in 1977.

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