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a city, the center of Andizhan Oblast, Uzbek SSR. Located in the southeastern part of the Fergana Valley, on ancient deposits of the Andizhan River, it is a junction for railroads and highways to Tashkent, Namangan, Osh, Jalalabad, and Kokankishlak. The population in 1970 was 188,000 (85,000 in 1939; 131,000 in 1959). There are machine-building (production of machines and equipment for irrigation, cotton enterprises, and so on), electrotechni-cal, cotton-ginning, vegetable oil-milling, and hydrolyzing industries. There are plants producing shoes, sewn and knit goods, and canned goods. Andizhan has institutes of pedagogy, pedagogy of languages, medicine, and cotton-growing (the kishlak—village—of Kuigan-Iar); there are seven specialized secondary schools. The Akhunbabaev Uzbek Theater of Musical Drama and Comedy and a puppet theater are located in Andizhan. There is a museum of history and regional lore. There are deposits of oil and gas in the area.

The city has been known since the ninth century. Andizhan was located on the caravan route to China, and from the 15th century it was the trade and handicraft center of Fergana. It was taken by Russian troops on Jan. 9, 1876, during the conquest of the Kokand khanate. The Andizhan Uprising of 1898 occurred in the city in May of that year. The city was heavily destroyed by an earthquake in 1902, but it was quickly rebuilt. Since the early 20th century it has been one of the major economic, commercial, and industrial centers of Turkestan.


Goroda Ferganskoi doliny, 2nd ed. Tashkent, 1963.
Goroda Uzbekistana. Tashkent, 1965.



an urban-type settlement in Khodzhabad Raion, Andizhan Oblast, Uzbek SSR. It is situated in the southeastern part of the Fergana Valley, 16 km east of the Assake railroad station. Population in 1968, 5,000. There is oil drilling. Andizhan is the site of a branch of the Kokand Petroleum Technicum.

References in periodicals archive ?
An Associated Press report from Tashkent said a human rights monitor claims to have seen the bodies of about 200 victims loaded onto trucks in Andizhan following a police assault against demonstrators Friday.
A new road from Kashgar into the Kyrgyz Republic is open to commercial traffic most of the year, and China will soon build a railroad link from Xinjiang to the Kyrgyz Republic and Andizhan in Uzbekistan.
But to maintain his rule Karimov, a Samarkandi, must allow a certain payoffs to political bosses in Tashkent, Andizhan, and other powerful regional centers.
The record goes to a region of Andizhan where the soil DDT content in 1988 was 2,580 times greater than the permitted maximum
Kyrgyzstan accepted 20,000 refugees from Tajikistan and 450 refugees from Andizhan (Uzbekistan) in different time, UNHCR Resident Representative Johann Siffointe told a press conference in Bishkek on June 19.
the City of Andizhan in the Region of Fergana; (iii) the granular nature
On his first visit to the EU institutions after lifting the sanctions last year imposed on Uzbekistan for a brutal police crackdown on a protest in the city of Andizhan, in 2005, the controversial Uzbek leader will hold discussions with Barroso on a wide range of issues, including energy, trade, regional security and human rights, the EU spokesperson said.
Fue el 13 de mayo del ano en curso cuando en la ciudad uzbeka de Andizhan un grupo de opositores extremistas asalto el cuartel militar apoderandose de numerosas armas.
The protest in Andizhan, blamed by President Islam Karimov on Islamic extremists, was brutally put down.
He cited the example of neighboring Uzbekistan, where 800 Korean enterprises have started to operate after Daewoo factory appeared in Andizhan.
of Republican scientific-practical conference: "Issues of neurology and psychiatry", Andizhan (Uzbekistan), pp.