André Paul Guillaume Gide

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Gide, André Paul Guillaume

 

Born Nov. 22, 1869, in Paris; died there Feb. 19, 1951. French writer. The son of a lawyer.

Gide’s first books The Poems of Andre Walter (1887), The Notebooks of Andre Walter (1891), The Treatise of the Narcissus (1891), and The Voyage ofUrien (1893) are written in the symbolist vein. In Fruits of the Earth (1897), The 1mmoralist (1902), and Strait Is the Gate (1909), Gide contrasts the Nietzschian strong personality to the trite bourgeois morality and civilization, and he praises an anarchistic rebelliousness that takes the form of amorality. In The Vatican Swindle (1914) the hero-individualists resist the grotesquely depicted bourgeois world. In The Counterfeiters (1925) the description of the decay of bourgeois society becomes an apology for amorality. The composition of the novel is complex: the characters themselves discuss its structure. Both Travels in the Congo (1927) and Return From Lake Chad (1928) contain sharp critiques of capitalism. In the mid-1930’s, Gide joined the antifascist literary movement; how-ever, his antibourgeois stand proved to be superficial; it was his asocial individualism that always prevailed. In 1936, Gide wrote an anti-Soviet pamphlet after a short visit to the USSR; during World War II he emigrated to Tunis but did not take a stand against fascism in print. In 1947 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature.

WORKS

Oeuvres complètes, vols. 1-15. [Paris, 1932-39.]
Journal, [vols. 1-2]. Paris, 1940-50.
In Russian translation:
Sobr. soch., vols. 1-4. Leningrad, 1935-36.

REFERENCES

Rykova, N. Sovremennaia frantsuzskaia literatura. Leningrad, 1939.
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vols. 3-4. Moscow, 1959-63.
Albérès, R. M. L’Odyssée d’André Gide. Paris, 1951.
Thierry, J. J. Gide. [Paris] 1962.
Martin, C. André Gide par lui-meme. Paris, 1967. (Includes bibliography.)
Painter, G. D. Andre Gide. London [1968].
Naville, A. Bibliographic des écrits d’André Gide. Paris, 1949-50.

A. D. MIKHAILOV

References in periodicals archive ?
La lectura detenida de los ensayos de Susan Sontag, y mi actual lectura de Reborn me lo confirma, me lleva a pensar que las virtudes clasicas de la literatura francesa -equilibrio, racionalidad, algo que Andre Gide llamaba claridad profunda- molestan e irritan a nuestra ensayista, a pesar de que no termina de reconocer su molestia.
Andre Gide, who actually met Wilde in the early 1890's, adopted the aesthete's strategy of melding his life and his art, using his own life as the model for an artistic and sexual freedom that he explicitly advocated in his work.
Following Mallarme's death on the 9th of September 1898, Valery was led into the same bedroom to view the writer's last work, Herodiade, which he recalls a week later in a strictly confidential letter to Gide: "j'ai ete conduit dans la chambre mortuaire et la, sur la table intacte, on m'a donne a dechiffrer un papier tout griffonne ecrit la veille de la mort," Correspondance Andre Gide Paul Valery, 1890-1942, p.
En medio de este panorama de aceptable grisura pero de intolerable tedio, se acaba de publicar en Barcelona, en la editorial Alba, una version abreviada del monumental Journal de Andre Gide, que pone en evidencia, si aun mas cabe, la fragilidad de tanta calcomania.
David Littlejohn writes in The Andre Gide Reader (1971) that "many of the attacks of this period were little more than vulgar, malicious gossip about Gide's character and habits.
Los juicios de Andre Gide, Luis Cernuda y Andre Malraux, con todo lo circunstancial que pudieran tener, expresan una conviccion que asigna al trabajo de Hammett un sitio muy por encima de los adocenados libros de balazos, punaladas y puntapies.
Auguste Angles's detailed three-volumed examination of its early years, Andre Gide et le premier groupe de la NRF, 1890-1914 (Paris: Gallimard, 1978-86) and more recently Pierre Hebey's L'Esprit NRF (Paris: Gallimard, 1990) and La NRF des annees sombres, 1940-1941 (Paris: Gallimard, 1992) have led the way, but a study such as this shows that there is still much to be done.
There is much about Anais Nin, interesting observations about Orson Welles, Andre Gide, E.
Later writers who most nearly recall the charm of Montaigne include, in England, Robert Burton, though his whimsicality is more erudite, Sir Thomas Browne, and Laurence Sterne, and in France, with more self-consciousness and pose, Andre Gide and Jean Cocteau.
There are too many things going on at once: a fascinating chapter on the policing of homosexuality, for example, seems to me to have little sense of the limited social choices available to French homosexuals, and of the obliterative force of French high-cultural homophobia (as obvious in episodes ranging from the loathsome sexual "dialogues" of the Surrealists to the dismal lives of Andre Gide, Roland Barthes, Michel Foucault, et al.
Andre Gide, Jean Genet y Yukio Mishima estan unidos por su inclinacion hacia los extremos y por el gusto de la contradiccion.
It provides synopses of the lives of John Addington Symonds, Christopher Isherwood, Stephen Spender, Joe Ackerley, Quentin Crisp, Andre Gide, Jean Genet, Paul Monette, and a number of others.