André Paul Guillaume Gide

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Gide, André Paul Guillaume

 

Born Nov. 22, 1869, in Paris; died there Feb. 19, 1951. French writer. The son of a lawyer.

Gide’s first books The Poems of Andre Walter (1887), The Notebooks of Andre Walter (1891), The Treatise of the Narcissus (1891), and The Voyage ofUrien (1893) are written in the symbolist vein. In Fruits of the Earth (1897), The 1mmoralist (1902), and Strait Is the Gate (1909), Gide contrasts the Nietzschian strong personality to the trite bourgeois morality and civilization, and he praises an anarchistic rebelliousness that takes the form of amorality. In The Vatican Swindle (1914) the hero-individualists resist the grotesquely depicted bourgeois world. In The Counterfeiters (1925) the description of the decay of bourgeois society becomes an apology for amorality. The composition of the novel is complex: the characters themselves discuss its structure. Both Travels in the Congo (1927) and Return From Lake Chad (1928) contain sharp critiques of capitalism. In the mid-1930’s, Gide joined the antifascist literary movement; how-ever, his antibourgeois stand proved to be superficial; it was his asocial individualism that always prevailed. In 1936, Gide wrote an anti-Soviet pamphlet after a short visit to the USSR; during World War II he emigrated to Tunis but did not take a stand against fascism in print. In 1947 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature.

WORKS

Oeuvres complètes, vols. 1-15. [Paris, 1932-39.]
Journal, [vols. 1-2]. Paris, 1940-50.
In Russian translation:
Sobr. soch., vols. 1-4. Leningrad, 1935-36.

REFERENCES

Rykova, N. Sovremennaia frantsuzskaia literatura. Leningrad, 1939.
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vols. 3-4. Moscow, 1959-63.
Albérès, R. M. L’Odyssée d’André Gide. Paris, 1951.
Thierry, J. J. Gide. [Paris] 1962.
Martin, C. André Gide par lui-meme. Paris, 1967. (Includes bibliography.)
Painter, G. D. Andre Gide. London [1968].
Naville, A. Bibliographic des écrits d’André Gide. Paris, 1949-50.

A. D. MIKHAILOV

References in periodicals archive ?
In the opinion of Andre Gide, "It is better to cut every book beginning and end.
The French essayist Andre Gide wrote that, "The nationalist has a broad hatred and a narrow love.
lt;<Les communistes suisses se portent a la defense de communistes emprisonnes a l'etranger, sont des>>auxiliaires de la politique exterieure<<sovietique, propagent une image favorable de l'URSS et denigrent ceux qui la critiquent, comme Andre Gide apres son retour d'URSS.
While it is true that anyone who needs to proselytize and to seek converts is likely to disqualify anything but his or her own faith, there will nevertheless, and in spite of all proselytism, always be those who like Andre Gide, "passa d'une communaute a l'autre pour y recueillir les fleurs du genie d'autrui, toujours avide et curieux de ce qui peut se faire de beau et de grand ailleurs".
Andre Gide, Les nourritures terrestres (Paris, 1917-1936), 69.
But he detested Zola and Zolaism, scanted Stendhal, and overlooked Rimbaud, and it was Edmund Gosse, the champion of Andre Gide, who was honored by the Academie Francaise, while after 1869 Saintsbury was never nearer France than Guernsey in the Channel Islands, where he spent six years as a schoolmaster.
To demonstrate his thesis, Said explores the subtexts of great Nineteenth Century English, French, and American literature, taking the reader on a journey between the lines of Jane Austen, Charles Dickens, Rudyard Kipling, Joseph Conrad, Andre Gide, and a host of other writers whose work students either enjoyed or fought their way through in high school and college.
Many great writers and thinkers were gay - Oscar Wilde, Andre Gide, E M Forster, Truman Capote, etc.
A brilliant student who loved literature, he made the acquaintance of the Surrealist writer Rene Crevel and also of Leon Pierre-Quint, the future biographer of Marcel Proust and Andre Gide and head of the Sagittaire publishing house.
The words of the title are borrowed from Andre Gide.
Guardian, which picked up the story on the other side of the Atlantic, "Books by Nobel laureates Pablo Neruda and Andre Gide .
This dense text opens with two caps-locked declamations: WHEN A FINANCIAL INSTITUTION COLLAPSES THERE IS NO SPECTACULAR OUTPOURING OF GOLD and GLASS TRANSITION TEMPERATURE, which lead, via quotations from Althusser and Andre Gide, to musings around the question, "Is it possible .