Andreas Hofer


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Hofer, Andreas

 

Born Nov. 22, 1767, in St. Leonhard; died Feb. 20, 1810. in Mantua. Tirolean national hero who in 1809 headed a liberation uprising of peasants against French and Bavarian occupation forces.

In 1805 during the Napoleonic Wars, Tirol was taken from Austria by Napoleon and given to France’s ally. Bavaria. In 1809. Hofer, a tavern keeper, headed the uprising, the plan of which was worked out in collaboration with the Austrian government in an attempt to regain Tirol. The rebel victory at Isel Mountain (May 1809) led to the liberation of Tirol from the Bavarians. Hofer continued the struggle even after the Austrian government signed a truce with France (July 1809), which provided for the return of Tirol to Bavaria and, as a result of victories in August, once again liberated Tirol. He became the de facto ruler of Tirol, while remaining loyal to the Austrian authorities. After concluding the Peace of Schönbrunn (October 1809). Napoleon directed a large military force against the Tirolean peasants and crushed their resistance. Hofer fled from Tirol but was betrayed to the French and shot.

REFERENCES

Paulin. K. Das Leben Andreas Hofers .... 3rd ed. Innsbruck [1959].
Hochenegg, H. Bibliographie zur Geschichte der Tiroler Freiheilskampfes von 1809. Innsbruck-Vienna, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Tirol Panorama with Kaiserjgermuseum, Bergisel Innsbruck (136,223 visitors) Opened in 1880, the original museum of the Tirolean Imperial Infantry (Kaiserjger) sits on the site of the famous battle in 1809, where local hero Andreas Hofer and Tirolean freedom fighters defeated French and Bavarian troops fighting for Napoleon.
Selected from approximately 1000 nominations, the five award winners include: Facer Launcher 2 by PocketCraft Software; Snails by PDAmill; MMPlayer by Almacom; funSMS 4 by fun communications GmbH; and Planetarium by Andreas Hofer Software.
However, living on ancient German soil but under a foreign flag, with Italian settlers from the Mezzogiorno calling the land of Andreas Hofer their own, gives him moments of teeth-gnashing resentment.
Built in 1928 on Andreas Hofer Platz and designed by Rambald von Steinbuchel-Rheinwal.
We employ Redbridge, Sapior's high performance surrogate key system, in order to substitute long natural banking keys with technical keys which speeds up the indexing and join performances in our credit risk data warehouse," says Andreas Hofer, Director and IT Project Manager of Credit Risk Control - Framework.
8010 Graz, Andreas Hofer transmit or 15th (Friday 800 am bis 1400 clock clock Monday) deliver personally during office hours.