In 1975, Owen Hannaway brought needed attention to laboratory science and its texts in The Chemists and the Word: The Didactic Origins of Chemistry in which he characterized the monumental Achemia written by the German physician Andreas Libavius in 1597 as a deliberate academic attempt to separate chemistry from alchemy.
42) Viewed in its entirety, al Razi's work anticipates European physicians whose writings incorporated both alchemy and laboratory medicine, such as Paracelsus (1493-1541) and Andreas Libavius (c.
In 1597 and again in 1606, German physician Andreas Libavius published the laboratory text, Alchemia, a scholarly work in academic Latin that expanded the processes of chemistry to include medicines, oils, and dyes, as well as the transmutation of metals.
Anticipating his more recent contribution, Andreas Libavius
and the Transformation of Alchemy (Sagamore Beach, Massachusetts, 2007), Moran highlights the German schoolteacher and physician Libavius, who adapted chemistry to traditional Aristotelian philosophy and cleansed its vocabulary.
The conflict eventually involved intellectuals and physicians across Europe, such as the irascible defender of chrysopoeia Andreas Libavius
, who was himself a dyed-in-the-wool opponent of Paracelsus, but a supporter of chymical medicine.
and the transformation of alchemy; separating chemical cultures with polemical fire.
Likewise, familiar figures are treated to new analyses, including Andreas Libavius
, Heinrich Khunrath, Athanasius Kircher, Robert Boyle, and Isaac Newton.
This stimulated efforts by figures such as Andreas Libavius
and Daniel Sennert to draw on the corpuscular Aristotelianism of Geberian alchemy to support an understanding of chymical analysis and synthesis.
Despite the importance of the implements involved in the art of alchemy, and the prominent place held by Andreas Libavius
among the alchemists of the early modern period, Libavius's work hitherto has not been readily available.