Andreas Libavius


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Libavius, Andreas

 

Born circa 1550 in Halle; died July 25, 1616, in Coburg. German chemist and physician.

In his book Alchemy (1597), Libavius systematically set forth practical information on chemistry and described the preparation of sulfuric acid (by burning sulfur in the presence of potassium nitrate) and stannic chloride (by heating tin with mercuric chloride). A follower of Paracelsus, Libavius nevertheless expressed opposition to the extremes of the latter’s teachings.

REFERENCES

Figurovskii, N. A. Ocherk obshchei istorii khimii, ot drevneishikh vremen do nachala XIX veka. Moscow, 1969. Pages 147–50.
Partington, J. R. A History of Chemistry, vol. 2. London-New York, 1961. Pages 244–67.
References in periodicals archive ?
Anticipating his more recent contribution, Andreas Libavius and the Transformation of Alchemy (Sagamore Beach, Massachusetts, 2007), Moran highlights the German schoolteacher and physician Libavius, who adapted chemistry to traditional Aristotelian philosophy and cleansed its vocabulary.
The conflict eventually involved intellectuals and physicians across Europe, such as the irascible defender of chrysopoeia Andreas Libavius, who was himself a dyed-in-the-wool opponent of Paracelsus, but a supporter of chymical medicine.
Andreas Libavius and the transformation of alchemy; separating chemical cultures with polemical fire.
Likewise, familiar figures are treated to new analyses, including Andreas Libavius, Heinrich Khunrath, Athanasius Kircher, Robert Boyle, and Isaac Newton.
Andreas Libavius and the Transformation of Alchemy: Separating Chemical Cultures with Polemical Fire.
This stimulated efforts by figures such as Andreas Libavius and Daniel Sennert to draw on the corpuscular Aristotelianism of Geberian alchemy to support an understanding of chymical analysis and synthesis.