St. Andrew's Day

(redirected from Andreasnacht)

St. Andrew's Day

November 30
St. Andrew, the brother of St. Peter, was the first apostle called by Jesus, but he is primarily known today as the patron saint of Scotland, though he was also chosen to be patron saint of Russia. According to the apocryphal and unreliable Acts of St. Andrew, he went to Greece, and having converted the proconsul's wife there, he was condemned to be crucified. Fastened to an X-shaped cross by cords rather than nails, he eventually died of thirst and starvation.
St. Andrew's association with Scotland didn't come about until four centuries after his death, when some of his relics were brought there. Although there are a number of churches throughout England and Scotland that bear St. Andrew's name, many associate it with the famous St. Andrew's golf course near Dundee. Some Scots continue the custom of wearing a "St. Andrew's cross" on November 30, which consists of blue and white ribbons shaped like the letter X. The tradition for this form of a cross began no earlier than the 13th century.
This is also a major feast in Lapland and a time for weddings and meeting new people.
SOURCES:
BkDays-1864, vol. II, p. 635
BkFest-1937, pp. 62, 174
DaysCustFaith-1957, p. 296
DictFolkMyth-1984, p. 55
FestSaintDays-1915, p. 216
FolkWrldHol-1999, p. 663
OxYear-1999, p. 479

Celebrated in: Scotland