Andreev, Ivan Ivanovich
Born 1880; died Dec. 16, 1919. Russian chemical technologist; founder of the Russian nitrogen industry.
In 1899, Andreev entered the University of St. Petersburg, but because he was a participant in the revolutionary movement, he was compelled to leave for Karlsruhe, where he received a diploma in chemical engineering from the Polytechnical Institute. After returning to his homeland, he conducted scientific-technical research. In 1915, to meet the needs of the defense industry, he investigated the conditions for deriving nitric acid by oxidizing ammonia in the presence of a catalyst. As a result, 1917 saw the opening of the first Russian plant for the production of nitric acid and ammonium nitrate by the Andreev process.