Andrei Bogoliubskii


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Andrei Bogoliubskii

 

Born about 1111; died 1174. Prince of Vladimir-Suzdal’ from 1157 on. Son of Iurii Dol-gorukii, who established him as prince in Vyshgorod (near Kiev).

Andrei Bogoliubskii voluntarily left Vyshgorod in 1155 and entrenched himself in Vladimir. While promoting the development of feudal relations, he relied in his rule on his retinue and on the townspeople of Vladimir and was also linked with trade and artisan circles of Rostov and Suzdal’. After his father’s death in 1157, he became prince of Vladimir, Rostov, and Suzdal’. Andrei Bogoliubskii strove to unite the Russian lands under his rule. From 1159 on, he waged a fierce struggle to bring Novgorod under his rule and conducted a complex military and diplomatic game in Southern Russia. In 1169 his troops took Kiev. Andrei Bogoliubskii won the right to receive tribute from the population of Dvina land. After becoming “autocrat of all the Suzdalian land,” he transferred his capital to Vladimir, fortified it, and built the marvelous Uspenskii Cathedral and other churches and monasteries. At the same time he built near Vladimir the fortified princely castle Bogoliubovo, which became his favorite residence and from which he took his name. Under Andrei Bogoliubskii, the Vladimir-Suzdal’ principality reached considerable power and was the strongest in Russia. The increase in the power of the prince and conflicts with prominent boyars brought about a conspiracy against Andrei Bogoliubskii that ended in his assassination on the night of June 28–29, 1174.

REFERENCE

Ocherki istorii SSSR: Period feodalizma, IX-XV vv., part 1. Moscow, 1953.

I. U. BUDOVNITS