Andrei Borisovich Chernyshev
Chernyshev, Andrei Borisovich
Born Apr. 9 (22), 1904, in St. Petersburg; died Nov. 22, 1953, in Moscow. Soviet scientist; specialist in the gasification of solid fuels. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1939). Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR (1951). Member of the CPSU from 1943.
Chernyshev graduated from the Leningrad Institute of Technology in 1929 and held a professorship at the Moscow Institute of Chemical Engineering. In 1948 he became the director of the Institute of Fuel Resources of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
Chernyshev’s major work was devoted to problems of gasification, including underground gasification and the thermal conversion of solid fuels. He directed various research efforts, including a study of coal gasification at a pressure of 100 technical atmospheres, development of a method for the production of town’s gas by the catalytic methanization of water gas, and work on the integrated electrochemical use of fuels. Chernyshev was awarded the State Prize of the USSR (1946), three other orders, and various medals.