Andrei Ivanovich Shtakenshneider
Shtakenshneider, Andrei Ivanovich
Born Feb. 22 (Mar. 6), 1802, near Gatchina; died Aug. 8 (20), 1865, in Moscow. Russian architect.
Shtakenshneider studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts from 1815 to 1821, becoming an academician in 1834 and a professor in 1844. He built many palaces and private homes, chiefly in St. Petersburg, combining architectural styles of various periods in eclectic fashion. They include the Mariinskii Palace (1839–44, now the Executive Committee of the Leningrad Soviet of Workers’ Deputies), the Belosel’skii-Belozerskii Palace (1846–48, now the Kuibyshev District Committee of the CPSU), and the Nicholas Palace (1853–61, now the Palace of Labor).