Andrei Sakharov


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Andrei Sakharov: Archimedes, Alexander Solzhenitsyn

Sakharov, Andrei Dmitrievich

 

Born May 21, 1921, in Moscow. Soviet physicist. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1953). Hero of Socialist Labor (1953, 1956, 1962).

Sakharov graduated from Moscow State University in 1942. In 1945 he joined the staff of the P. N. Lebedev Institute of Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. His principal works are on theoretical physics.

In recent years, Sakharov has not engaged in scientific work.

WORKS

“Teoriia magnitnogo termoiadernogo reaktora.” In the collection Fizika plazmy i problema upravliaemykh termoiadernykh reaktsii, vol. 1, Moscow, 1958.
“Vzryvomagnitnye generatory.” Uspekhi fizicheskikh nauk, 1966, vol. 88, issue 4.
“Antikvarki vo Vselennoi.” In the collection Problemy leoreticheskoi fiziki. Moscow, 1969.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is also the case that Andrei Sakharov and Fang Lizhi escaped being immediately silenced and thrown into prison only because they were prominent and highly accomplished scientists (Williams, p.
Born in 1942 and educated in London, Toronto and Moscow as well as Baghdad, Shahristani often draws comparisons to Andrei Sakharov, the Russian physicist who was persecuted in the former Soviet Union for his outspoken views on human rights during the cold war.
Other dissidents who have won the peace prize include German pacifist Carl von Ossietzky in 1935, Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov in 1975, Polish Solidarity leader Lech Walesa in 1983 and Myanmar democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyii in 1991.
Meeting the demands of reason; the life and thought of Andrei Sakharov.
1964) and Mother Teresa (1979), along with the Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov (1975); the conscience of the Holocaust, Eli Wiesel (1986); the Burmese dissident Aung San Suu Kyi (1991); and the French Jewish-Catholic scholar Rene Cassin (1968), who drafted much of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights.
Obama is right - he doesn't deserve to stand beside Nelson Mandela, Lech Walesa, Teddy Roosevelt, Desmond Tutu, Andrei Sakharov, Norman Borlaug and many other previous laureates.
Specialists striving to understand why China has yet to emulate Soviet development of manifold, relatively sophisticated indigenous weapons systems will notice (1) Moscow's significant human and natural resources, which it harnessed--particularly following World War II--in the development of a massive scientific, technical, and industrial infrastructure; (2) the postwar emergence of a generation of technocrats with formidable prestige and power to administer this prioritized establishment; and (3) following Khrushchev's courageous de-Stalinization efforts, the relative protection of the best Soviet minds from repression and turmoil--provided that they did not, like foremost nuclear physicist and later Nobel Peace Prize-winning dissident Andrei Sakharov, seek political change.
Born in 1942 and educated in London and Toronto as well as Iraq, Shahristani often draws comparisons to Andrei Sakharov, the Russian physicist who was persecuted in the former Soviet Union for his outspoken views on human rights during the cold war.
The Sakharov Prize is named in honor of the late Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov.
ARBIL / Aswat al-Iraq: A European Parliament source denied on Friday that the EP has nominated Iraqi legislator Mithal al-Alusi for the Andrei Sakharov prize as Alusi's office claimed in a statement.
He became, with the dissidents Andrei Sakharov and Anatoli Scharansky, a towering moral witness against this system.