Vinius, Andrei Andreevich
Born 1641; died 1717. Russian statesman of the epoch of Peter I; son of A. D. Vinius.
In 1664, Vinius joined the Posol’skii Prikaz (Foreign Office) as an interpreter. From 1692 to 1674 he was on diplomatic assignments in France, Spain, and Great Britain. Upon returning to Russia he received dvorianstvo (nobility or gentry) rank and was put in charge of the Post Prikaz and then of the Pharmacy Prikaz. Until 1703 he was chief of the Siberian Department and of the Artillery Prikaz and built factories in the Urals. In 1703, Vinius was removed from state service for slowness in supplying the army and for pilfering. In 1706 he fled to Holland. Pardoned by Peter I, he returned to Russia in 1708. Vinius translated books on military affairs and technology, collected works of art, and brought together a noteworthy library in foreign languages.
REFERENCESKozlovskii, I. P. A. Vinius: Sotrudnik Petra Velikogo (1641-1717). St. Petersburg, 1911.
Kafengauz, B. B. Istoriia khoriaistva Demidovykh v XVIll-XIX vv., vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.