Andreotti, Giulio(jēo͞o`lēō än'drāätē), 1919–2013, Italian political leader. A leading member of the Christian Democratic party, Andreotti held a variety of ministerial posts throughout the 1950s and 60s and first served as premier in 1972–73. He subsequently held the premiership again (1976–79), was minister for foreign affairs (1983–89), and served for a third period as premier (1989–91). In 1993 he was investigated for corruption and accused of protecting the Mafia. Indicted in 1995, he also went to trial in 1996 for ordering the murder of a journalist said to have incriminating information. He was acquitted of both sets of charges in 1999. While Andreotti undoubtedly played an important role in transforming Italy from a defeated and poverty-ridden postwar nation into a wealthy and industrialized modern European power, he also helped to create a system of cronyism that led to widespread Italian corruption.
Born Jan. 14, 1919, in Rome. Italian state and political figure.
A lawyer by education, Andreotti has worked as a journalist. He began his political activity in the Catholic youth movement. In 1944 he became a member of the National Council of the Christian Democratic Party (CDP). He has been a member of Parliament continuously since 1948. Between 1954 and 1968, Andreotti held positions in several Italian governments; he was at different times minister of internal affairs, minister of finance, minister of the treasury, minister of defense, and minister of industry and commerce. In 1968 he was elected chairman of the CDP members in the Chamber of Deputies.
In 1972 and 1973 and again from 1976 to 1979, Andreotti was president of the Council of Ministers of Italy. In the period from 1973 to 1976 he served as minister of defense, minister for the budget and economic planning, and minister for southern affairs.