Andy Warhol


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Warhol, Andy,

1928–87, American artist and filmmaker, b. Pittsburgh as Andrew Warhola. The leading exponent of the pop artpop art,
movement that restored realism to avant-garde art; it first emerged in Great Britain at the end of the 1950s as a reaction against the seriousness of abstract expressionism.
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 movement and one of the most influential artists of the late 20th cent., Warhol concentrated on the surface of things, choosing his imagery from the world of commonplace objects such as dollar bills, soup cans, soft-drink bottles, and scouring-pad boxes. He is variously credited with ridiculing and celebrating American middle-class values by erasing the distinction between popular and high culture. Monotony and repetition became the hallmarks of his multi-image, mass-produced silk-screen paintings: for many of these, such as the portraits of Marilyn Monroe and Jacqueline Kennedy, he employed newspaper photographs. He and his assistants worked out of a large New York studio dubbed the "Factory." In the mid-1960s Warhol began making films, suppressing the personal element in marathon essays on boredom. For The Chelsea Girls (1966), a largely improvised, voyeuristic look at life in New York's Chelsea Hotel, he also employed split-screen projection techniques that diverged from established methods. Among his later films are Trash (1971) and L'Amour (1973). With Paul Morrissey, Warhol also made the films Frankenstein (1974) and Dracula (1974). In 1973, Warhol launched the magazine Interview, a publication centered on his fascination with the cult of the celebrity. He died from complications following surgery. The Andy Warhol Museum, which exhibits many of his works, opened in Pittsburgh in 1994.

Bibliography

See his autobiographies (1969 and 1971); K. Goldsmith, ed., I'll Be Your Mirror: The Selected Andy Warhol Interviews, 1962–1987 (2004); C. Ratcliff, Andy Warhol (1983); D. Bourdon, Warhol (1989); V. Bockris, Life and Death of Andy Warhol (1989); B. Colacello, Holy Terror (1990); W. Koestenbaum, Andy Warhol (2001); S. Watson, Factory Made: Warhol and the Sixties (2004); D. Dalton and T. Scherman, Pop: The Genius of Andy Warhol (2009); A. C. Danto, Andy Warhol (2009).

Warhol, Andy (b. Andrew Warhola)

(1928–87) painter, filmmaker; born in Pittsburgh, Pa. A founder of the pop art movement of the 1960s, he studied at the Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh (1945–49) and by 1950 had settled in New York City working as a commercial artist. By 1957 he began his series of silkscreen paintings based on comic strips, advertisements, and newspaper photos of public personalities; by 1961 his painted replicas of Campbell's Soup cans made him into a celebrity, and from then on his works and words ("In the future everyone will be famous for 15 minutes.") kept him constantly in the headlines although he cultivated an image that was both elusive and evasive. Much of his work was collaborative and produced in a loft called "the Factory." He also turned to making underground films such as Chelsea Girls (1966), deliberately coarse amalgams of sexuality and banality; these were coproduced and primarily directed by Paul Morrissey. In 1968 Warhol was shot and wounded by Valerie Solanis, who had appeared in his films. In 1969 he began to publish Interview, a magazine of fashion news and gossip. He then embarked on his serial portraits of international personalities, becoming extremely rich from selling silkscreen multiples of such as Mao Zedong (1974). He amassed a fabulous collection of antiques and collectibles (such as cookie jars), auctioned after his death for a small fortune. Said to have been a devout Catholic, he remained personally enigmatic despite his years in the public spotlight.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pop artists such as Andy Warhol became aware of commercial designs in our society and used them as the basis for their paintings, sculptures, silkscreens and so on.
For those of us who remain completely fascinated by the whole Warhol world and who are not satisfied with creating our own personal time capsules, there's the Andy Warhol Pop Box, a grab-bag of over 20 quality reproductions of postcards, newspaper clippings, letters, photos, and more, along with a booklet putting it all into pop history context (published by Chronicle Books in 2002).
The Foundation is delighted to celebrate the launch of the Andy Warhol Edition and proud to announce that a portion of the proceeds will contribute generously to The Foundation's endowment from which it has distributed nearly $250M in grants supporting contemporary visual arts," said Michael Hermann of The Andy Warhol Foundation.
The fanfare was a star-studded event with attendees such as Lucy Meck from The only way is Essex, Lacey Turner, known as Stacey Slater from Eastend-d ers, along with Mechu's very own Andy Warhol lookalike.
ANDY WARHOL (Green) Michael Jackson 1984 A UNIQUE WORK by ANDY WARHOL Medium: Synthetic polymer paint and silkscreen inks on canvas Year of Work:1984 Size:30 x 26 inches 76.
Between them lies what we have come to understand as Pop, and more particularly name as Andy Warhol.
ATLANTA-Just in time for the Atlanta International Area Rug Market, Sphinx by Oriental Weavers is expanding its space, suite 3A2, to reflect the recent merger with Oriental Weavers of America and to accommodate the new Andy Warhol Home Collection.
ANDY WARHOL and Keith Haring met in person in 1983, near the end of the senior artist's career but still in the flowering of Haring's all-too-brief life (he died in 1990).
THE works of Andy Warhol will fill London streets as walls become one giant art gallery to showcase his work to tie in with a major exhibition and a television series.
WORKS by pop artist Andy Warhol are to be printed on everyday household goods under a licensing deal arranged by his estate.
At the same time, Alcoa, Alcoa Foundation and the Andy Warhol Museum partnered to bring Andy Warhol: Artist of Modern Life, the largest and most important Warhol exhibition ever to travel to Russia, to two cultural centers in Russia as well as to communities surrounding Alcoa's newest facilities in the country.
PITTSBURGH, May 19, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Stylized caricatures of tastemakers in iconic Halston designs - Liz Taylor, Liza Minnelli and Jackie Kennedy - play pop-art homage to Andy Warhol in a new advertising campaign from MARC USA heralding the "Halston and Warhol: Silver & Suede" exhibition at The Andy Warhol Museum.