Anethum


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Related to Anethum: Anethum foeniculum

Anethum

 

a genus of plants of the family Umbelliferae. The plants, which are annual or, less commonly, biennial herbs, have strongly dissected leaves. There are three species, distributed in southern Europe, Egypt, and Ethiopia. The most common species is dill (A. graveolens), an annual having a very spicy fragrance. Dill is cultivated in Europe, the Americas, and Asia. Its erect and branching stem reaches 2 m in height. The pinnatisect leaves range in color from yellowish green to bluish green. The inflorescence is a compound umbel; the flowers are bisexual, small, and yellow.

The young plants are used as salad greens and as seasoning. At the onset of seed maturation they are suitable as a spice in pickling and marinating. A mixture of dill, parsley, celery, tarragon, and other herbs—with salt (weighing 25 percent of the weight of the herbs) added as preservative—is canned for winter use. The seeds, which are rich in essential oil, are used by the confectionery and perfume industries, as well as in the preparation of canned goods. The fruits of A. graveolens yield Anethine, a coronary vasodilator used medicinally as a spasmolytic. The fresh leaves contain 7.4–13.4 percent dry matter, 1.4–4.0 percent nitrogenous substances, and 0.4–1.6 percent sugars; 100 g contain 51–128 mg vitamin C and 3.6–7.0 mg carotene. The leaves also contain the B-complex vitamins and salts of iron, potassium, calcium, and phosphorus.

Dill is cold resistant and photophilic; it requires an abundance of moisture in the soil. The plant is sown in both open and sheltered ground. Several plantings are done during the vegetative period; a winter planting is also made. The yield from open ground is 80–100 quintals per hectare and 3 kg from a hotbed. There are three varieties: Armianskii 268, Uzbekskii 243, and Gribovskii.

IU. I. MUKHANOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
reported that aqueous extract of Anethum graveolens had [beta]-carotenelinoleate and DPPH free radicals scavenging activity and also normalized total antioxidant status in rat.
Kaur GJ, Arora DS (2009) Antibacterial and phytochemical screening of Anethum graveolens, Foeniculum vulgare and Trachyspermum ammi.
According to our histochemical studies of PNA, UEA, and DBA lectins, administration of aqueous extracts of Anethum graveolens decreases glycoconjugates with Gal/GalNAc residues in a dose-dependent manner and has no effect on glycoconjugates with [alpha]-fucose residues.
Anethum is Latin for the Greek name for dill, Athenon, which comes from ano (meaning "upward") and theo (meaning "I run")--which this plant does readily.
Anethum graveolens, commonly known as dill, is an annual medicinal plant with tiny yellow flowers belonging to the plant family Umbelliferae.
En semillas de calendula Calendula officinalis y de eneldo Anethum graveolens, se realizaron la descripcion morfologica y anatomica y mediciones del contenido de humedad en equilibrio (CHE).
Apiaceae) (C) (Takahashi) testaceipes (Cresson) Anethum graveolens Cavariella aegopodii Aphidius matricariae var.
Asters Bee Balm Black-eyed Susan Butterfly Bush Butterfly Weed Chrysanthemum Coneflower Daylily False Aster Garden Phlox Gayfeather Globe Flower Golden Rod Helen's Flower Honeysuckle Joe-Pye Weed Jupiter's Beard Lavender Meadowsweet Ornamental Onion Scabiosa Sweet William Tickseed Yarrow Allium schoenoprasum (chives) Anethum graveolens (dill) Borago officinalis (borage) Vibernum opulus (Korean lilac) Salix discolor (pussy willows)
Anethum graveolens, or dill, as it is commonly called, has long been a symbol of good luck and well-being.
Five plants essential oils Carum copticum, Anethum sowa, Cuminum cyminum, Myristica fragrans and Zingiber officinale were tested for antibacterial activity against selected MDR S.
Similarly, the exposition of Anethum graveolens and Ocimum basilicum to Cd, Pb and Cu showed no clear trend of variation (ZHELJAZKOV et al.