Angelica Kauffmann


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Kauffmann, Angelica

(äng-gā`lēkä kouf`män), 1741–1807, Swiss neoclassical painter and graphic artist. From her youth she was known for her artistic, musical, and linguistic abilities. She went to England, where she enjoyed success as a fashionable portrait painter and decorator. A protégée of Sir Joshua Reynolds, Kauffman was one of the original members of the Royal Academy. She often decorated houses designed by the AdamAdam, Robert
, 1728–92, and James Adam,
1730–94, Scottish architects, brothers. They designed important public and private buildings in England and Scotland and numerous interiors, pieces of furniture, and decorative objects.
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 brothers. After her marriage in 1781 to the Venetian painter Antonio Zucchi, she lived in Italy, where she flourished in artistic and literary circles. Reynolds, Winckelmann, Goethe, and Garrick commissioned her to paint their portraits. Representative works include Religion (National Gall., London); Self-Portrait (Staatliche Museen, Berlin); and the etchings of L'Allegra and La Pensierosa. The British Museum has a collection of her drawings and prints.

Bibliography

See study by Lady Victoria Manners and G. C. Williamson (1924).

Kauffmann, Angelica

 

Born Oct. 30, 1741, in Cur, Switzerland; died Nov. 5, 1807, in Rome. German painter and graphic artist. Representative of classicism.

Kauffmann lived in Italy from 1742 to 1757 and in London from 1766 to 1781. She returned to Italy in 1782 and lived there until her death. Kauffmann painted portraits (portrait of J. W. von Goethe, 1787, Goethe National Museum, Weimar) and sentimental scenes based on mythological, religious, historical, and literary themes (The Farewell of Abelard and Heloise, Hermitage, Leningrad).

REFERENCE

Smidt-Dörrenberg, I. Angelika Kauffmann. [Vienna] 1968.
References in classic literature ?
Fogg seemed a perfect type of that English composure which Angelica Kauffmann has so skilfully represented on canvas.
Featuring paintings of scenes from Shakespeare by major artists of the day, including Henry Fuseli, Joshua Reynolds, and Angelica Kauffmann, the gallery was a popular if not a financial success.
She was particularly close with Joshua Reynolds, Angelica Kauffmann, Elizabeth Farren, and Sarah Siddons (9).
Extraordinary female artists profiled include Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith Leyster, Angelica Kauffmann, Elisabeth Vigee-Leburn, Berthe Morisot, Georgia O'Keeffe, and many more.
Auricchio departs from previous studies that compare Labille-Guiard (1749-1803) with her contemporaries Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun (1755-1842), Anne Vallayer-Coster (1744-1818), and Angelica Kauffmann (1741-1807).
The scale of the objects in the exhibition was physically grand in the case of the academic paintings of Angelica Kauffmann, and the technical distribution large in the case of the small penny press publications of Hannah More.
It was painted in 1765 in Italy by Angelica Kauffmann, who was a Swiss-born neoclassical painter who was well-known by royals in Europe.
He disliked the 'Nazi' art displayed in Troost's Munich gallery--except for the homoerotic statuary--and he was, apparently, an early twentieth--century admirer of Angelica Kauffmann.
The rhetoric, like the painted gestures, seem as conventionally Augustan as the relegation of the female associates of the academy, Angelica Kauffmann and Mary Moser, to mere portraits on the Academy's background wall.
He may not have had the immediately arresting appeal of his compatriots Henry Fuseli or Angelica Kauffmann, yet he certainly enjoyed a successful career as a Swiss in London for a period of over 25 years.
Few painters attracted such glittering international patrons as the precocious Swissborn Angelica Kauffmann.