Book of Common Prayer

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Book of Common Prayer,

title given to the service book used in the Church of England and in other churches of the Anglican Communion. The first complete English Book of Common Prayer was produced, mainly by Thomas Cranmer, in 1549 under Edward VI. Essentially it was a selection and translation from the breviary and the missal, with some additions from other sources. It was made compulsory by the Act of Uniformity (1549). Revision, undertaken by Cranmer, resulted in the Prayer Book of 1552, which showed the influence of foreign reformers then resident in England, for it made possible a wide diversity of views regarding the Eucharist, all justified by this official service book. The prayer book was in use only about eight months before Queen Mary's repeal legislation restored Roman Catholicism in England. In 1559, under Elizabeth I, the Prayer Book of 1552 was restored in a slightly altered version. From 1645 to 1660, under the Commonwealth and Protectorate, the prayer book was suppressed. In a new revision after the Restoration, it was again declared the only legal service book for use in England by an Act of Uniformity (1662). Alterations in the 1662 revision were largely those making for liturgical improvement. In 1927 a revised form was submitted to Parliament, whose approval was (and is) still required, and passed by the House of Lords but rejected by the Commons; it was resubmitted (with certain modifications) in 1928 and again rejected. Nonetheless, the revised prayer book was quite widely adopted in the Church of England with episcopal approval. This situation was finally legalized by the Prayer Book Measure, passed by Parliament in 1965. In addition to authorizing revisions already in use, the act approved the experimental use of new forms of worship drawn up by a liturgical commission; the Alternative Service Book (ASB) was adopted in 1980 and authorized for use alongside the Book of Common Prayer until the end of 2000. Revision of ASB is underway and under the general title Common Worship some revisions have already been authorized and published. In 1789, when the first General Convention of the Episcopal Church in the United States met, a revised version of the Book of Common Prayer was adopted; it embodied such changes as were required by the new conditions. In the U.S. Episcopal Church, as in other churches of the Anglican Communion over which the British Parliament has no control, there has been greater freedom in liturgical revision; the last U.S. revision of the Book of Common Prayer was in 1979.

Bibliography

See histories of the prayer book by J. H. Blunt (1868) and F. E. Brightman (2d ed. 1921, repr. 1970); J. W. Suter and G. J. Cleaveland, The American Book of Common Prayer (1949); M. H. Shepherd, The Oxford American Prayer Book Commentary (1950); G. Cuming, A History of Anglican Liturgy (1969, repr. 1980); B. Cummings, ed., The Book of Common Prayer (2011); D. Swift, Shakespeare's Common Prayers (2012); A. Jacobs, The Book of Common Prayer (2013).


Prayer, Book of Common:

see Book of Common PrayerBook of Common Prayer,
title given to the service book used in the Church of England and in other churches of the Anglican Communion. The first complete English Book of Common Prayer was produced, mainly by Thomas Cranmer, in 1549 under Edward VI.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Jasper, The Development of the Anglican Liturgy 1662-1980, London, 1989.
Caption: Angels play a prominent role, not only in the Bible but in much Anglican liturgy.
Schaetzel's attraction to the Anglican liturgy, based largely on the 1928 prayer book, is similar to what has moved Episcopalians James and Carol Patton of suburban Kansas City to find an Anglican use congregation and prepare to join the new ordinariate.
These changes notwithstanding, you still know you're in an Anglican church, said Crawford Browning, who admits that sometimes she misses the comfort zone of old Anglican liturgy and even the hard pews and kneeling boards.
The head of the TAC, Anglican Archbishop John Hepworth of Adelaide, Australia, stated they would like "to retain an Anglican liturgy and spirituality and a married clergy.
He defined "traditional" as "Anglicans who are committed to the classic formulary of the Prayer Book, the 39 Articles (statements of Anglican belief approved by the British parliament in 1571), who practise traditional Anglican liturgy.
Spiritually, I have been nourished by Anglican liturgy, particularly the Book of Common Prayer, which, alas, Anglicans have almost completely abandoned.
The Anglican liturgy took place in the Catholic church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva, which is Murphy-O'Connor's titular church in Rome.
So they came to worship using the Anglican liturgy (since revised) by accident.
And if, as sociologist Reginald Bibby asserts, attendance and membership in Canadian churches is growing, then newcomers and oldtimers both would likely appreciate some basic guidance on what Anglican liturgy is all about.
I have to confess that as an Anglican priest called to provide liturgical leadership to this shared ministry, I have been somewhat shy in making changes in how we worship with our Lutheran texts; far more shy than I have been in shaping our use of the Anglican liturgy.
The liturgy of nearly three hours was a blend of traditional Anglican liturgy mixed with soul music and Native American elements -- especially from Gallagher's Cherokee heritage that comes from her mother, Betty WalkingStick Theobald.

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