Anglicanism

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Anglicanism

 

one of the Protestant religions whose worship and organizational principles are nearer to the Catholic Church than those of other Protestant churches.

The Church of England is the state church in England. It originated during the Reformation of the 16th century (the break between the English king, Henry VIII, and the papacy, the secularization of monasteries, and other changes) as a national state church headed by the king (the Act of Supremacy, 1534). Its doctrines and the organizational forms on which it was based remained Catholic. During the reign of Edward VI, T. Cranmer compiled the Book of Common Prayer (1549), which combined Protestant and Catholic elements in its doctrines and practices. During the reign of Elizabeth Tudor, in the Thirty-nine Articles (1571) the dogma was drawn somewhat closer to Calvinism. The Church of England, which had become an important support of absolutism, was established by the English Bourgeois Revolution of the 17th century; after the restoration of the Stuarts (1660), it was reestablished.

The head of the Church of England is the king, who actually appoints the bishops. In the hierarchy of the Church of England its primate is the archbishop of Canterbury, followed by the archbishop of York. A considerable number of bishops are members of the House of Lords. All the fundamental church statutes are subject to Parliament’s approval. The state bears most of the cost of maintaining churches. The upper hierarchy of the Church of England is closely connected with the financial oligarchy and the landed aristocracy of England.

There are three trends in the Church of England: the High Church, the nearest to Catholicism; the Low Church, nearest to Puritanism and Pietism; and the Broad Church, which tries to unite all Christian tendencies (the leading Anglican trend).

In addition to the Church of England in England, there are independent Anglican churches in Scotland, Wales, Ireland, the USA, Canada, Australia, and several other countries. Anglicans number approximately 30 million people. Nominally, separate Anglican Churches are not interdependent. Since 1867, however, Anglican bishops have met for a conference in London once every ten years (the so-called Lambeth Conferences, named for Lambeth Palace, the residence of the archbishop of Canterbury), forming the Anglican Union of Churches. Anglicans take part in the ecumenical movement.

REFERENCES

Robertson, A. “Religiia i ateizm v sovremennoi Anglii.” In Ezhegodnik Muzeia istorii religii i ateizma, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1962.
Stephens, W. R. W., and W. Hunt, eds. A History of the English Church, vols. 1–9. London, 1899–1910.
References in periodicals archive ?
62) At a Woman's Auxiliary meeting in the Niagara region, local women learned about the Sarcee Indians from Anglican missionary Miss Crawford, who
In his analysis of Acts 2:1-41, Eddie Gibbs, who was an Anglican missionary in Chile and is now at Fuller Theological Seminary, writes of the need for spiritual empowerment and the triumphant presence of the crucified Christ.
Like Cornbury, he sought personal gain by promoting royal centralization of proprietary colonies and he, too, joined the Anglican missionary Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.
She has raised hundreds of pounds over the years from jumble sales and coffee mornings for the Anglican missionary society which helps sailors around the world.
One thinks particularly of the work of Fr6d6ric Laugrand, Jarich Oosten, and Francois Trudel on contemporary Anglican missionary activity among the Inuit of Canada's Baffin Island.
A former student of the Elkhorn Indian Residential School, set up by an Anglican missionary in 1888, has donated $50,000-$40,000 of which was his entire settlement from the revised residential schools agreement--to an inner city homeless shelter in Winnipeg.
While working to convert the Inuit of Baffin Island, Quebec between 1894 and 1905, Anglican missionary Edmund James Peck kept journals of his life and work in the area as well as ethnographic notes detailing Inuit language, spirituality, and shamanism, published here.
Mwanga had ordered his followers to kill an Anglican missionary.
Her article is "From Pretoria to Kampala with Hannah Stanton," Anglican missionary (1913-1993) imprisoned seven weeks in South Africa then deported and later overseer of the women's residence at Makerere University in Uganda.
Last year, Gladys raised pounds 1,200 for the Anglican missionary society which helps sailors around the world.
Anglican missionary Dundas collected a trove of Native American art from the Pacific Northwest coast of what is now British Columbia in the 1860s and took it back to England.

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