ethnocentrism

(redirected from Anglocentrism)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

ethnocentrism,

the feeling that one's group has a mode of living, values, and patterns of adaptation that are superior to those of other groups. It is coupled with a generalized contempt for members of other groups. Ethnocentrism may manifest itself in attitudes of superiority or sometimes hostility. Violence, discrimination, proselytizing, and verbal aggressiveness are other means whereby ethnocentrism may be expressed.

ethnocentrism

  1. the attitude of prejudice or mistrust towards outsiders which may exist within a social group; a way of perceiving one's own cultural group (in-group) in relation to others (out-groups). The term was introduced by W. G. SUMNER (1906) and involves the belief that one's own group is the most important, or is culturally superior to other groups. Thus, one's own culture is considered to be racially, morally and culturally of greater value or significance than that of others, and one becomes distrustful of those defined as outsiders. It also involves an incapacity to acknowledge that cultural differentiation does not imply the inferiority of those groups who are ethnically distinct from one's own.
  2. a characteristic of certain personality types. The ethnocentric personality is described by T Adorno et al. (1950) in The Authoritarian Personality (see AUTHORITARIAN PERSONALITY). Initially this study was concerned with the social and psychological aspects of anti-Semitism, but developed into a study of its more general correlates. Adorno et al. were concerned with explaining attitudes towards other ‘out-groups’ in American society, such as homosexuals and ethnic minorities, and maintained that antagonism towards one ‘out-group’ (e.g. Jews) seldom existed in isolation. They found that ethnocentrism tended to be associated with authoritarianism, dogmatism and rigidity, political and economic conservatism, and an implicit anti-democratic ideology. Thus, hostility towards one ‘out-group’ (see IN-GROUP AND OUT-GROUP) was often generalized and projected onto other ‘out-groups’. See also PREJUDICE, DISCRIMINATION, RACISM OR RACIALISM, ATTITUDE, ATTITUDE SCALE.
References in periodicals archive ?
The rise of Aboriginal history coincided with other social forces: the survival of Aboriginal peoples after their population dipped alarmingly in the early 20th century; the recognition of part-Aboriginal peoples as having an Aboriginal identity; the rise of a fairly liberal policy of multiculturalism which broke down somewhat the traditional Anglocentrism of Australian society; the flourishing of liberation movements after the 1970s; and the development of an infrastructure for funding in culture and the arts which facilitated an Aboriginal cultural renaissance.
It is a long journey into the December night with a paper moon stuck to the sky, a journey I have longed to make since the time my Aunt Api used to read those fascinating Ukrainian fairytales to me back home in India when I was a child, the better to undercut the Anglocentrism of Mother Goose and my English private grammar school education.
Within the United Church itself, tolerance of diversity in culture and religion replaced the Anglocentrism which characterized nineteenth century evangelical missions.
in such a way that it becomes readable within the ideological contexts established by traditional English academic standards', a distortion characterized as anglocentrism.
Reviewing the centennial Carcanet editions of Hugh MacDiarmid's Selected Poetry and Selected Prose in The Dominion Sunday Times, Vincent O'Sullivan wrote that the neglect of this major poet internationally in university curricula was primarily due to the rampant Anglocentrism of university lecturers) The 'crisis in English studies' which has taken place over the last twenty years or so has corresponded with the theoretical deconstruction of the bases of 'English' literary studies, and this has been contemporary with the development of increasingly informed readings of 'Post-colonial Literatures in English'.