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Anguilla(ăng-gwĭl`ə), island and British dependency (2005 est. pop. 13,300) 35 sq mi (91 sq km), West Indies, northernmost of the Leeward IslandsLeeward Islands
, northern group of the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, extending SE from Puerto Rico to the Windward Islands. The principal islands are the American Virgin Islands; the French island and overseas dept.
..... Click the link for more information. . The capital is the town of The ValleyValley, The,
town (2001 pop. 1,169), capital of the British dependency of Anguilla, in the West Indies. Located in the approximate center of the island, it is Anguilla's main town and its administrative center. Tourism is an economic mainstay.
..... Click the link for more information. . The population, which is mainly of African descent, speaks English, the official language. Most Anguillans belong to Anglican, Methodist, or other Protestant churches. Fishing (mainly lobsters), stock raising, and salt mining are the mainstays of the economy, with tourism and offshore banking increasingly important.
In 1967 the British possessions of Anguilla, St. Kitts, and Nevis were united in the self-governing state of St. Kitts–Nevis–Anguilla, associated with Great Britain. Anguillans, claiming political and economic discrimination, mostly rejected inclusion in the state, and the island seceded. In 1969 British forces invaded and occupied Anguilla for six months, and in 1971 Anguilla returned to British colonial rule, although not until 1980 was it officially separated from St. Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and Nevis
or Saint Kitts–Nevis
, officially Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, island nation (2005 est. pop. 39,000), 120 sq mi (311 sq km), West Indies, in the Leeward Islands.
..... Click the link for more information. . The constitution of 1982, amended in 1990, gives Anguilla significant control over its internal affairs.