Aniakchak


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Aniakchak

an active volcanic crater in SW Alaska, on the Alaska Peninsula: the largest explosion crater in the world. Height: 1347 m (4420 ft.). Diameter: 9 km (6 miles)
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These include 70-million-year-old hadrosaur prints, the first dinosaur tracks from Alaska, located after two years of searching Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve on the Aleutian Islands; the most complete skeleton of the only pygmy island-dwelling mammoth at Channel Islands National Park in California; the first fossils ever described from the western hemisphere, mollusks collected in 1687 at what is now Colonial National Historical Park in Virginia; and the graveyards of 20-million-year-old camels and rhinos at Agate Fossil Beds National Monument in Nebraska.
1990) provide evidence of three other major eruption events which belong to this period, the Avellino event in Vesuvius, Italy, Mount St Helens tephra layer Yn in the Cascades Range, USA, and Aniakchak II tephra in Alaska.
Photo: View of Alaska's Aniakchak caldera,formed by the collapse of a volcanic cone during an eruption about 3,400 years ago.
The borough is home to two national parks and preserves (Katmai and Lake Clark), Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve, and two national wildlife refuges: Becharof National Wildlife Refuge and Alaska Peninsula National Wildlife Refuge.