animal husbandry

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Related to Animal Breeding: Plant breeding

animal husbandry,

aspect of agricultureagriculture,
science and practice of producing crops and livestock from the natural resources of the earth. The primary aim of agriculture is to cause the land to produce more abundantly and at the same time to protect it from deterioration and misuse.
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 concerned with the care and breedingbreeding,
in agriculture and animal husbandry, propagation of plants and animals by sexual reproduction; usually based on selection of parents with desirable traits to produce improved progeny.
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 of domestic animals such as cattle, goats, sheep, hogs, and horses. Domestication of wild animal species was a crucial achievement in the prehistoric transition of human civilization from hunting-and-gathering to agriculture. The first domesticated livestock animal may have been the sheep, which was tamed around 9000 B.C. in N Iraq. By about 7000 B.C. (and perhaps much earlier) the pig was domesticated in Anatolia; around 6500 B.C. domestic goats were kept in Mesopotamia; by 5900 B.C. (and perhaps 3,000 years earlier) there were domesticated cattle in Chad, while independently about 5500 B.C. there were domesticated cattle in SW Iran; and around 3500 B.C. the horse was domesticated on the Eurasian steppes. Nothing is known of the early development of husbandry; selective breeding for the improvement of livestock was already practiced in Roman times. Continuing systematic development and improvement of domestic livestock breeds, established in England following 1760 by Robert Bakewell and others, has been paralleled by advances in animal nutritionnutrition,
study of the materials that nourish an organism and of the manner in which the separate components are used for maintenance, repair, growth, and reproduction. Nutrition is achieved in various ways by different forms of life.
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 and veterinary medicineveterinary medicine,
diagnosis and treatment of diseases of animals. An early interest in animal diseases is found in ancient Greek writings on medicine. Veterinary medicine began to achieve the stature of a science with the organization of the first school in the field in
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animal husbandry

[′an·ə·məl ′həz·bən·drē]
(agriculture)
A branch of agriculture concerned with the breeding and feeding of domestic animals.
References in periodicals archive ?
In fiscal year 2005, the most recent year for which data are available, ARS and CSREES spent a total of about $145 million and 557 scientist-years on classical plant and animal breeding activities, according to USDA.
EU research can help improve animal breeding and living conditions, said the Commission in a press release.
Ironically, several tiger species are hunted for their penises, which traditional Chinese medicine considers useful for boosting human sex drive and potency At the Beijing zoo, Chinese animal breeding specialists--known for showing films of mating pandas to stimulate that endangered species--are hoping that Viagra and other drugs will help two male South China tigers produce offspring by next year.
SAC acting chief executive Professor Bill McKelvey said, "We will continue to support the UK livestock industry through our internationally acclaimed animal breeding research and development work.
The first show was held in 1839 by the English Agricultural Society to educate farmers about new technology and good animal breeding techniques.
The 2000 Cumulative Supplement to Biotechnology and the Federal Circuit updates the treatise's analysis of patent issues in recombinant technology, plant and animal breeding, and pharmaceutical inventions, and is available from BNA Books.
Menard as the only major Canadian company that manages all stages of pork production, from grain purchase to the manufacture of feed, and from animal breeding to meat processing, for total quality control.
Intensely interested in what veterinary medicine and animal breeding experts were achieving, few linked those discoveries with human heredity.
pork producers -- through more stringent inspection and improved animal breeding -- are working toward meat certified as trichina-free, notes veterinarian Jitender P.
te Pas is a Senior Research Scientist of Genomics and Bioinformatics at the Animal Breeding and Genomics Centre, Wageningen UR Livestock Research.
People are living in such conditions, it is necessary to thank them that they continue to live there, save Kyrgyz traditions and customs, agriculture, and animal breeding skills.