Anna Pavlova

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Anna Matveyevna Pavlova
Анна Павловна (Матвеевна) Павлова
BirthplaceLigovo, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire

Pavlova, Anna Pavlovna


(also Anna Matveevna Pavlova). Born Jan. 31 (Feb. 12), 1881, in St. Petersburg; died Jan. 23, 1931, in The Hague. Russian ballerina. Daughter of a soldier and a laundress.

In 1899, Pavlova graduated from the St. Petersburg Theatrical School, where she had studied in the class of P. A. Gerdt. That same year she was accepted by the Mariinskii Theater, and in 1906 she was given the title of prima ballerina. In 1910, Pavlova left the company and went on tour. Her last performance at the Mariinskii Theater was in 1913 in the role of Nikia in Minkus’ ballet La Bayadère. Her last appearance on tour in Russia was in 1914 at a concert in the Theater of Mirrors in the Hermitage Park in Moscow.

Pavlova was an outstanding classical dancer. Her artistry formed amid the development of Russian ballet at the beginning of the 20th century. In turn, Pavlova influenced the further development of Russian ballet and established its fame outside the homeland. She was noted for the musicality and psychological depth of her dancing and her ability to impart emotion to a variety of roles.

Outstanding in Pavlova’s repertoire were the tragic role of Nikia (1902) and the poetic role of Giselle (1903) in Adam’s ballet of the same name. She was also famous for roles in which the classical dance is based on ethnic dances, for example, Paquita in Deldevez’ ballet of the same name and Kitri in Minkus’ Don Quixote.

Pavlova’s dancing greatly influenced the choreographic innovations of M. M. Fokine. She danced the principal role in the premiere of the following ballets staged by Fokine: Rubinstein’s The Vine, Shcherbachev’s Eunice, Chopiniana (with music by Chopin), Cherepnin’s Le Pavillon D’Armide, and Arenskii’s Une Nuit d Egypte. It was for Pavlova that Fokine choreographed the concert number The Swan to music by Saint-Saëns (later known as The Dying Swan, 1907).

Pavlova first appeared abroad in 1908. In the following year she joined the Russian Seasons in Paris, and in 1910 she founded her own company, with which she toured Europe, the Americas, and Asia.


“Neskol’ko stranichek iz moei zhizni.” Solntse Rossii, 1912, no. 23.


Dandré, V. Anna Pavlova. Berlin, 1933.
Anna Pavlova: 1881–1931 (collection of reminiscences). Introduction and notes by E. Ia. Surits. Moscow, 1956. (Translated from English.)
Krasovskaia, V. Anna Pavlova. [Leningrad-Moscow, 1964.]
Stier, T. With Pavlova Round the World. Leningrad, 1927.
Pavlova. Edited by P. D. Magriel. New York, 1947.
Algeranoff, H. My Years With Pavlova. London, 1957.


References in periodicals archive ?
Anna Pavlova looked set to score when she led three furlongs out but Portal and Topatoo both laid down challenges in the final furlong and it was the Tompkins-trained mare, ridden by Michael Hills, who prevailed by a neck.
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North Yorkshire trainer Richard Fahey is enjoying his best-ever season, passing the pounds 1 million mark for prize money last weekend and Anna Pavlova, one of the leading contributors, can add more to the tally today in the Lan-wades Stud Severals Listed Stakes at Newmarket.
ANNA PAVLOVA took Ascot by storm yesterday to leave new 'millionaire' Richard Fahey dreaming of landing some glittering prizes next year as well.
Looking back across the years, it is exciting to see the big names who have appeared here - people like Anna Pavlova, Laurel and Hardy, Laurence Olivier, Shirley Bassey and Anthony Hopkins are all legends.
Anna pavlova looks to have plenty of improvement in her and is worth following on her first foray into handicap company at Redcar tomorrow.
James Joyce, Jesse Owens, Marlon Brando, Elvis Presley, Alfred Hitchcock, Anna Pavlova, Michael Jordan - but there are a number of faces who are far less recognizable, including South African doctor Christiann Barnard, who performed the first successful human heart transplant; scientist Enrico Fermi, whose work led directly to the discovery of nuclear fission; philosopher Hannah Arendt; Maria Montessori, who revolutionized early childhood education; psychology pioneer Carl Jung; James Watson and Francis Crick, who discovered the shape of DNA; and legendary conductor Arturo Toscanini.
ANNA PAVLOVA, winner of ten of her 23 races, and more than pounds 380,000 in prize-money, has been retired and may come under the hammer at Newmarket in December, writes Tom O'Ryan.
PAUL HANAGAN beamed with delight and said his victory aboard Anna Pavlova in Saturday's bet365 Lancashire Oaks at Haydock was "like winning the Derby".