Anna Seghers


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Seghers, Anna

 

(pseudonym of Netti Radványi, née Reiling). Born Nov. 19, 1900, in Mainz. German writer (German Democratic Republic). Became a member of the Communist Party of Germany in 1928 and of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany in 1947.

Seghers, the daughter of an antiquarian, studied at the universities of Cologne and Heidelberg. From 1933 to 1947 she lived abroad in France and Mexico. Seghers’ early works, including the novella The Uprising of the Fishermen of St. Barbara (1928; Russian translation, 1930) and the novel The Fellow Travelers (1932; Russian translation, 1934), are devoted to the communist revolutionary struggles in various countries. The novella The Price on the Head (1933; Russian translation, 1935) and the novel Liberation (1937; Russian translation, 1939) describe the lives of German peasants and workers on the eve of the fascist accession to power. The novel The Pathway Through February (1935; Russian translation, 1935) depicts the heroic struggle of the Viennese workers in February 1934. The novel Seventh Cross (published in English, 1942; in German, 1946; and in Russian translation, 1949), concerning the escape of a communist from a concentration camp, reflects the indomitable faith of the best people of Germany in the future of the German people. The central figure of the novel Transit (1943; published in 1948; Russian translation, 1961) is a German antifascist emigrant, who participates in the French struggle against the occupation forces. The novel The Dead Remain Young (1949; Russian translation, 1951), set in Germany from 1918 to 1945, traces the destinies of Germans belonging to various social strata. The hero of the novella A Man and His Name (1952; Russian translation, 1955) is a former Hitlerite, who as a result of a spiritual rebirth has found his place in the new, democratic Germany. In the epic novels Decision (1959; Russian translation, 1961) and Faith (1968; Russian translation, 1969), Seghers raises critical questions engendered by the division of Germany into two states. She is an outstanding master of socialist realist literature. Her prose is marked by skillful psychological analysis and by profound moral problems.

Seghers is a member of the World Council of Peace and the Committee on the International Lenin Prizes. She has been elected the chairman of the Union of German Writers several times and is also a member of the German Academy of Arts. A recipient of the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Between Nations in 1951, she also won the National Prize of the GDR in 1951 and 1959. Seghers has been awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor of the USSR and the Order of the Great Star of Friendship Among Peoples of the GDR.

WORKS

Gesammelte Werke, vols. 1–8. Berlin, 1953–55.
Das Vertrauen: Roman. Berlin-Weimar, 1968.
Über Kunstwerk und Wirklichkeit, vols. 1–2. Berlin, 1970–71.
In Russian translation:
Zdravstvui, budushchee. Moscow-Leningrad, 1953.
Sila slabykh [Rasskaiy]. Moscow, 1967.

REFERENCES

Gal’perina, E. “A. Zegers.” Novyi mir, 1952, no. 8.
Motyleva, T. Anna Zegers. Moscow, 1953.
Motyleva, T. Roman Anny Zegers “Sed’moi krest.” Moscow, 1970.
lur’eva, L. “Tvorchestvo A. Zegers posle 1949.” In the collection Literatura GDR. Moscow, 1958.
Anna Zegers: Biobibliograficheskii ukazatel’. Moscow, 1964.
Albrecht, F. Die Erzählerin Anna Seghers, 1926–1932. Berlin, 1965.
Diersen, I. Seghers-Studien. Berlin, 1965.
Neugebauer, H. Anna Seghers: Ihr Leben und Werk. Berlin, 1970.

L. Z. KOPELEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Contract award: new menas igs ii anna seghers, joinery.
literary awards, among them the Anna Seghers Award (2004), the Ernst
Notable contributions by the printmakers, among the most prominent of which was Leopoldo Mendez, whose Deportacion a la muerte (Deportation to Death), (3) illustrated in the book, has been called one of the earliest depictions of the Holocaust outside Europe, and by such emigre authors as Anna Seghers, Bodo Uhse and Egon Erwin Kisch, all members of the editorial committee, demonstrate significant elements in an influential stage of their creators' careers, termed by art historian Peter Chametzky as the " 'pre-history' of the German Democratic Republic.
Silence and acts of memory; a postwar discourse on literature, history, Anna Seghers, and women in the Third Reich.
I am grateful to Kuschel for introducing me to his conversation partners, only a few of whom I already knew: Kurt Tucholsky, Gunter Kunert, Wolfgang Hildesheimer, Christa Wolf, Gunter Grass, Kurt Marti, Max Frisch, Peter Weiss, Rolf Hochhuth, Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Thomas Mann, Friedrich Durrenmatt, Made Luise Kaschnitz, Heinrich Heine, Elie Wiesel, Zvi Kolitz, Erich Kastner, Ilse Aichinger, Peter Huchel, Heinrich Boll, Anna Seghers, William Faulkner, Nagib Mahfouz, Augusto Roa Bastos, Cingiz Ajmatov, Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Leo Tolstoy.
NAMES LIKE FEUCHTWANGER, Werfel, and Seghers probably won't ring many bells today, but in the 1930s and `40s a long list of German playwrights, poets, and novelists were household names in America: Not just Thomas Mann, Nobel Prizewinning author of Magic Mountain, and Bertolt Brecht, librettist of The Three Penny Opera, endure today, but dozens of others who time has forgotten, including Anna Seghers, Franz Werfel, and Lion Feuchtwanger.
Literary friends pictured include their close compadre Pablo Neruda, as well as Anna Seghers, Ilya Ehrenberg, Mario Vargas Llosa, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Simone de Beauvoir.
Contract award: igs ii anna seghers, new cafeteria, in mainz: suspended ceilings.
Passers-by probably have no idea that behind the ornate brick facade of the Anna Seghers School in Berlin's Adlershof district lies a modern architectural jewel.
Hotschmg's books, celebrated for their stylistic virtuosity and precision of observation, have won major Austrian and international prizes, including the Anna Seghers and Robert Musil Stipendiums, the Italo Svevo Prize for Literature, the Federal Chancellery of Austria's Literature Prize, and, most recently, the 2007 Tiroler Landespreis fur Kunst.
Contract award: igs anna seghers, new cafeteria - mobile partitions.
Becher, Heinrich Mann, Anna Seghers, Erich Arendt, and others.