Anna Seghers


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Seghers, Anna

 

(pseudonym of Netti Radványi, née Reiling). Born Nov. 19, 1900, in Mainz. German writer (German Democratic Republic). Became a member of the Communist Party of Germany in 1928 and of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany in 1947.

Seghers, the daughter of an antiquarian, studied at the universities of Cologne and Heidelberg. From 1933 to 1947 she lived abroad in France and Mexico. Seghers’ early works, including the novella The Uprising of the Fishermen of St. Barbara (1928; Russian translation, 1930) and the novel The Fellow Travelers (1932; Russian translation, 1934), are devoted to the communist revolutionary struggles in various countries. The novella The Price on the Head (1933; Russian translation, 1935) and the novel Liberation (1937; Russian translation, 1939) describe the lives of German peasants and workers on the eve of the fascist accession to power. The novel The Pathway Through February (1935; Russian translation, 1935) depicts the heroic struggle of the Viennese workers in February 1934. The novel Seventh Cross (published in English, 1942; in German, 1946; and in Russian translation, 1949), concerning the escape of a communist from a concentration camp, reflects the indomitable faith of the best people of Germany in the future of the German people. The central figure of the novel Transit (1943; published in 1948; Russian translation, 1961) is a German antifascist emigrant, who participates in the French struggle against the occupation forces. The novel The Dead Remain Young (1949; Russian translation, 1951), set in Germany from 1918 to 1945, traces the destinies of Germans belonging to various social strata. The hero of the novella A Man and His Name (1952; Russian translation, 1955) is a former Hitlerite, who as a result of a spiritual rebirth has found his place in the new, democratic Germany. In the epic novels Decision (1959; Russian translation, 1961) and Faith (1968; Russian translation, 1969), Seghers raises critical questions engendered by the division of Germany into two states. She is an outstanding master of socialist realist literature. Her prose is marked by skillful psychological analysis and by profound moral problems.

Seghers is a member of the World Council of Peace and the Committee on the International Lenin Prizes. She has been elected the chairman of the Union of German Writers several times and is also a member of the German Academy of Arts. A recipient of the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Between Nations in 1951, she also won the National Prize of the GDR in 1951 and 1959. Seghers has been awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor of the USSR and the Order of the Great Star of Friendship Among Peoples of the GDR.

WORKS

Gesammelte Werke, vols. 1–8. Berlin, 1953–55.
Das Vertrauen: Roman. Berlin-Weimar, 1968.
Über Kunstwerk und Wirklichkeit, vols. 1–2. Berlin, 1970–71.
In Russian translation:
Zdravstvui, budushchee. Moscow-Leningrad, 1953.
Sila slabykh [Rasskaiy]. Moscow, 1967.

REFERENCES

Gal’perina, E. “A. Zegers.” Novyi mir, 1952, no. 8.
Motyleva, T. Anna Zegers. Moscow, 1953.
Motyleva, T. Roman Anny Zegers “Sed’moi krest.” Moscow, 1970.
lur’eva, L. “Tvorchestvo A. Zegers posle 1949.” In the collection Literatura GDR. Moscow, 1958.
Anna Zegers: Biobibliograficheskii ukazatel’. Moscow, 1964.
Albrecht, F. Die Erzählerin Anna Seghers, 1926–1932. Berlin, 1965.
Diersen, I. Seghers-Studien. Berlin, 1965.
Neugebauer, H. Anna Seghers: Ihr Leben und Werk. Berlin, 1970.

L. Z. KOPELEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Other German critics cheered for "Transit," an adaptation of Anna Seghers World War II exile novel, which director Christian Petzold transformed into an anti-historical experiment.
The planned construction project is a 3-storey new construction of the NaWi rooms of the IGS Anna Seghers Schule Mainz.
This is certainly less a sign of a deficiency in Reitter's own choices of material than it is a reflection of the relative lack of ongoing scholarly attention paid to such extraordinary women as Veza Canetti, Mascha Kaleko, Gertrud Kolmar, Else Lasker-Schuler, Berta Pappenheim, Anna Seghers, and others of this time.
Las autoras seleccionadas son: Isabel Oyarzabal de Palencia, Margarita Nelken, Rosa Chacel, Concha Mendez Cuesta, Maria Teresa Leon, Maria Zambrano, Ernestina de Champourcin, Carmen Conde, Sylvia Townsend Warner, Nancy Cunard, Valentine Ackland, Andree Viollis, Clara Malraux, Simone Weil, Anna Seghers y Agnia Barto.
Inter alia, Vogt discusses texts by Anna Seghers, Berthold Brecht, Heinrich Boll, Gunther Eich, Hans Werner Richter, Bernhard Vesper, Uwe Timm, Peter Weiss, and Christa Wolf, but he also seeks to throw light on the political, social, and literary context of this period more generally.
Ademas, el Centro Cultural Enrique Heine de la ciudad habia sido transformado en un ateneo compartido por emigrados judios del Tercer Reich y algunos asilados politicos de Alemania libre bajo la presidencia de Anna Seghers.
Ademas de los mencionados, quienes tambien encontraron en Mexico una salvacion fueron la escritora Anna Seghers, la actriz Steffie Spira, el musico Hanns Eisler, el politico Paul Merker, el novelista Gustav Regler y el periodista y politico Alexander Abusch, entre otros.
Diaz Perez analiza algunos ensayos de Anna Seghers sobre el muralismo, asi como un cuento del escritor aleman Bodo Uhse, donde se ficcionaliza el proceso de creacion, inauguracion y recepcion del polemico, para la burguesia de la epoca, Sueno de una tarde dominical en la Alameda Central (1946-1947), de Diego Rivera.
literary awards, among them the Anna Seghers Award (2004), the Ernst
Notable contributions by the printmakers, among the most prominent of which was Leopoldo Mendez, whose Deportacion a la muerte (Deportation to Death), (3) illustrated in the book, has been called one of the earliest depictions of the Holocaust outside Europe, and by such emigre authors as Anna Seghers, Bodo Uhse and Egon Erwin Kisch, all members of the editorial committee, demonstrate significant elements in an influential stage of their creators' careers, termed by art historian Peter Chametzky as the " 'pre-history' of the German Democratic Republic.
1) Curiosamente, un poco al modo en que aparecen las tierras renanas en las paginas iniciales de La septima cruz, la novela en la que la escritora comunista Anna Seghers describe la huida de unos presos politicos de un campo de concentracion nazi.
Stephan is clearly a great admirer of Anna Seghers, and in the next article updates his earlier book Anna Seghers: 'Das siebte Kreuz'.