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written records of the most important events by year, an early form of historical narrative source. Yearly records existed in antiquity among many peoples, but the term “annals” is of ancient Roman derivation. Such records originally developed in ancient Rome as official yearly records of the most important events (they were managed by a priestly pontifical college); they were set down on boards covered with gypsum and exhibited for all to become familiar with. Apparently, these most ancient annals perished when Rome burned in 387 B.C. and were subsequently reconstructed by memory, reworked, and continued. About 130 B.C. the annals were collected in 80 books (the collection Great Annals). Between 123 and 114 B.C. the keeping of the annals ceased; however, they served as a source for the works of the annalists. (These works, as well as some other works of ancient authors such as Tacitus, are called annals.)

The first medieval annals appeared in the sixth century. As a rule, they were composed in monasteries (in the Frankish state, also at the royal court; the most important Frankish annals were the Annals of the Frankish Kingdom). The annals generally consisted of short yearly records of events, but sometimes the name is also applied to more detailed historical works that actually approach chronicles—for example, the annals of Lambert Von Hersfeld of the 11th century and certain urban annals like the Great Milanese Annals of the 12th century. In Rus’ the letopisi corresponded to annals and chronicles.


Martynov, G. “O nachale rimskoi letopisi.” Uch. zap. MGU, otdel istoriko-filologicheskii, 1904, no. 32.
Radtsig, N. “Nachalo rimskoi letopisi.” Uch. zap. MGU, otdel istoriko-filologicheskii, 1904, no. 32.
Liublinskaia, A. D. Istochnikovedenie istorii srednikh vekov. Leningrad, 1955.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among those who enter the community colleges, there is "a growing number of under-prepared students in math and science" said Annal.
32) All its information can be supported by reference to historical records such as the Irish annals.
The annal is perhaps the simplest form of such detached recording.
Annal and his brother, who inherited the island from their uncle, have tried previously to take the cows across to the Orkney mainland, but have always been unsuccessful.
Connelly and Clandinin (1990) highlight the difference between a simple annal that tries to record events objectively and a narrative that is enriched by meaning, significance or connection between events.
The Xochimilcans soon became the undisputed master chinampa builders; but being nearest the Aztec capital in adjoining Lake Texcoco, they were also the first to bow to them in a battle which is recounted in a bloodcurdling war annal.
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improvements to various village road - annapurneswari road and chittazha - mechamcodu - idayalakonam road in karakulam grama panchayath, annal - thirunelloorkonam road, thycaud varthoorkonam
Talking to the injured officials the IGP highly commended their bravery and gallantry act and said "the valour and courage exhibited from police side will go a long way in the annal of history".
Allstars B 4-2 Collett 2, Annal, Wright Thompson, Vart Under 16 Division 1 Greatham FC N&S Ancients 1-1 Jobson Jackson Primrose Hill W.
The effect of spectators' Verbal and physical Violence on Referees' judgments in football, Scholar s Research Library, Annal of Biological Research, 2(6): 699-704 (http://scholarsresearchlibrary.
Now in a fully updated and significantly expanded second edition, "Easy Family History: The Stress-Free Guide to Starting Your Research" by David Annal is 190 page instructional guide to basic genealogy research strategies and techniques that is as comprehensive as it is 'user friendly'.