Annapolis Royal

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Annapolis Royal,

town (1991 pop. 633), W N.S., Canada, on the Annapolis River. Founded as Port Royal by the sieur de MontsMonts, Pierre du Gua, sieur de
, c.1560–c.1630, French colonizer in North America. A wealthy Huguenot and a favorite of Henry IV, he was the holder of a trade monopoly in New France and the patron of Samuel de Champlain. Monts had visited the St. Lawrence by 1603.
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 in 1605, the settlement was destroyed (1613) by English colonists under Samuel ArgallArgall, Sir Samuel
, d. 1626?, English ship captain, prominent in the early settlement of Virginia. He commanded a ship sent to Jamestown in 1609 and had charge of one of the ships Baron De la Warr brought to the failing colony in 1610.
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 but was rebuilt by the French. The fort changed hands between the French and the English five times from 1605 to 1710, when it capitulated to a force of New Englanders under Francis Nicholson. The name was then changed in honor of Queen Anne. Annapolis Royal was the capital of Nova Scotia from 1713 to 1749. Fort Anne Historic National Park includes the ruins of the fort. The officers' quarters (built 1797–98) have been restored as a museum.

Annapolis Royal

a town in SE Canada in W Nova Scotia on an arm of the Bay of Fundy: the first settlement in Canada (1605). Pop.: 550 (2001)
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