Anne Boleyn

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Anne Boleyn,

queen of England: see Boleyn, AnneBoleyn, Anne
, 1507?–1536, second queen consort of Henry VIII and mother of Elizabeth I. She was the daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn, later earl of Wiltshire and Ormonde, and on her mother's side she was related to the Howard family.
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.

Boleyn, Anne

(bo͝ol`ĭn, bo͝olĭn`), 1507?–1536, second queen consort of Henry VIIIHenry VIII,
1491–1547, king of England (1509–47), second son and successor of Henry VII. Early Life

In his youth he was educated in the new learning of the Renaissance and developed great skill in music and sports.
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 and mother of Elizabeth IElizabeth I,
1533–1603, queen of England (1558–1603). Early Life

The daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, she was declared illegitimate just before the execution of her mother in 1536, but in 1544 Parliament reestablished her in the succession after
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. She was the daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn, later earl of Wiltshire and Ormonde, and on her mother's side she was related to the Howard family. After spending some years in France, she was introduced to the English court in 1522. Soon Henry, who had already enjoyed the favors of her older sister, fell in love with Anne. Unlike her sister, however, Anne refused to become his mistress, and this fact, coupled with Henry's desire for a male heir, led the king to begin divorce proceedings against Katharine of AragónKatharine of Aragón,
1485–1536, first queen consort of Henry VIII of England; daughter of Ferdinand II of Aragón and Isabella of Castile. In 1501 she was married to Arthur, eldest son of Henry VII.
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 in 1527. In 1532 Anne finally yielded to the king, and the resulting pregnancy hastened a secret marriage (Jan., 1533) and the final annulment (May) by Archbishop CranmerCranmer, Thomas
, 1489–1556, English churchman under Henry VIII; archbishop of Canterbury. A lecturer at Jesus College, Cambridge, he is said to have come to the attention of the king in 1529 by suggesting that Henry might further his efforts to achieve a divorce from
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 of Henry's previous marriage. Anne was crowned queen on June 1. Her delivery of a daughter (Elizabeth), in Sept., 1533, bitterly disappointed Henry. In 1536, after the miscarriage of a son, Anne was brought to trial on multiple charges of adultery, including incest with her brother, accusations that have been disputed ever since. Under great pressure, a court headed by her uncle Thomas Howard, duke of Norfolk, condemned her, and she was beheaded. Two days before her death her marriage was declared void by the Church of England.

Bibliography

See the often published love letters of Henry VIII; biographes by M. L. Bruce (1972), C. Erickson (1984), and E. W. Ives (1986); W. S. Pakenham-Walsh, A Tudor Story (1963); M. H. Albert, The Divorce (1965); A. Weir, The Lady in the Tower (2010).

Boleyn, Anne

(1507–1536) beheaded by husband, Henry VIII, for adultery and incest. [Br. Hist.: NCE, 325]
References in periodicals archive ?
Today, while the Prime Minister and the Foreign Secretary deal with Iraq, what have the Tories chosen to debate - the life and times of Anne Bullen.
Howard said: "The allegation is that Cook sacked Anne Bullen and wanted to replace her with his lover.
The Conservatives have been piling pressure on Foreign Secretary Mr Robin Cook to tell the whole story behind the sacking of diary secretary Anne Bullen.
ROBIN Cook last night admitted proposing his secret lover for the job on the day he sacked diary secretary Anne Bullen.
He has publicly attacked Anne Bullen, the civil servant he sacked, who cannot answer back for herself due to a gagging clause on her contract termination.
But they don't like the way he has handled the crisis over Anne Bullen, his former diary secretary.
But Anne Bullen looks severe, imperious and out of touch - like the Tory ministers, Douglas Hurd and Malcolm Rifkind who gave her the job in the first place.
Mr Cook confirmed in a written Commons answer that last May he told the then Foreign Office Permanent Under Secretary, Sir John Coles, he was considering appointing his long-time constituency diary secretarv Ms Regan to replace Anne Bullen as diary secretary.
Sacked Anne Bullen, 56, told her friend that Cook "didn't seem to care" about the importance of arriving on time for meetings.
Last night, senior Labour figures were privately criticising Cook's rebuttal of revelations made by his sacked diary secretary Anne Bullen.
This time it was his former diary secretary at the Foreign Office Anne Bullen, who was removed last May after Mr Cook said she was impossible to work with.