Anobiidae

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Anobiidae

[‚an·ə′bī·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The deathwatch beetles, a family of coleopteran insects of the superfamily Bostrichoidea.

Anobiidae

 

a family of beetles. The cylindrical body measures 2–8 mm in length. The head is partly covered by a projection of the pronotum, and the tarsi are five-jointed. The coloring ranges from brown to black. The larvae are curved and white, with short legs. The family’s approximately 1,000 species, distributed throughout the world, live mainly in dead, dry wood, including deadwood and lumber.

In the USSR there are more than 100 species of Anobiidae. Anobium pertinax, a black insect measuring 5–7 mm in length, mainly damages the walls and beams of wooden structures. The furniture beetle (Anobium punctatum), 3–4 mm long and dark brown in color, damages furniture, frames, and floors. The drugstore beetle (Stegobium paniceum) is a reddish-brown beetle measuring 2–3 mm in length that feeds on grain products, dried plants, books, and the like.

Control measures include fumigation and the impregnation or covering of infested objects with toxic substances.