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Related to Anopheles stephensi: anopheline, Anopheles arabiensis, Anopheles funestus, Anopheles gambiae, anopheles mosquito


see mosquitomosquito
, small, long-legged insect of the order Diptera, the true flies. The females of most species have piercing and sucking mouth parts and apparently they must feed at least once upon mammalian blood before their eggs can develop properly.
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a genus of the family Culicidae; members are commonly called malaria mosquitoes because they are carriers of Plasmodium parasites, the causative agents of malaria in man. Only the females suck blood, feeding mainly on domestic animals and man. A resting anopheline mosquito, in contrast to nonmalarial ones, sits with its abdomen tilted upward and its head and proboscis, thorax, and abdomen forming a straight line.

Malaria mosquitoes develop in water. The eggs, which have floats, are deposited on the water one at a time. The larva has no respiratory tube (siphon) and rests horizontally on the sur-face. At the last molting the larva is transformed into a pupa.

More than 300 species are known, distributed on all the continents, as far north as approximately 65°-66° N lat. There are nine species in the USSR, including the common malaria mosquito (Anopheles maculipennis) and A. superpictus, once the principal carriers of the causative agent of malaria. The common malaria mosquito has four dark spots on the inner parts of its wings. It is distributed widely, as far north as the boundaries of the genus distribution and as far east as Blagoveshchensk. It breeds mainly in shallow, standing waters that are rich in aquatic vegetation. It concentrates close to populated areas and attacks humans predominantly in houses or near dwellings.

Anopheles superpictus has four or five light spots on the anterior edge of the wing. In the USSR it is distributed in Middle Asia and the Transcaucasus. It breeds mainly in small bodies of water and along streams and mountain rivers.

In order to control the malarial mosquitoes, housing for domestic animals and human dwellings are treated with insecticides. Other effective methods include draining the mosquitoes’ breeding areas and improving irrigation systems. To destroy the larvae, kerosene and petroleum are poured into bodies of water, which are also treated with insecticides. Biological control methods are also used, particularly in the Transcaucasus and southern Middle Asia, where waters are stocked with fish (for example, the mosquito fish) that eat mosquito larvae and pupae. Repellents, substances that ward off malaria mosquitoes, are used to protect humans.


Beklemishev, V. N. Ekologiia maliariinogo komara (Anopheles maculipennis Mgn.). Moscow, 1944.
Pavlovskii, E. N. Rukovodstvo po parazitologii cheloveka s ucheniem o perenoschikakh transmissivnykh boleznei, 5th ed., vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Gutsevich, A. V., A. S. Monchadskii, and A. A. Shtakel’berg. Komary (sem. Culicidae). Leningrad, 1970.



(invertebrate zoology)
A genus of mosquitoes in the family Culicidae; members are vectors of malaria, dengue, and filariasis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Estimate of Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite content of Anopheles stephensi used to challenge human volunteers.
I describe here an application of a video technique used to study the behavioural time budgets of the larvae of three mosquito species, namely Aedes albopictus, Culex pipiens and Anopheles stephensi.
For the new study, Jacobs-Lorena, Rasgon, and their colleagues used the same strain of mosquito species Anopheles stephensi.
The main vectors in Afghanistan are Anopheles stephensi and A.
Those tests were conducted by Klun against the mosquito species Aedes aegypti, which is best known as the yellow-fever mosquito, and Anopheles stephensi, which spreads malaria in Asia.
Mosquito larvicidal properties of volatile oil from salt marsh mangrove plant of Sesuvium portulacastrum against Anopheles stephensi and Aedes aegypti.
Washington, June 13 ( ANI ): Researchers have produced a model of the Anopheles stephensi mosquito, which is a major source of malaria in India and the Middle East, that impairs the development of the malaria parasite.
Anopheles stephensi is recognized as a major vector for urban malaria in India.
Anti-larvicidal activity has been described of petroleum ether extract of leaves and chloroform extract of bark against the mosquito vectors, Aedes aegypti, Culex quiquefasciatus, and Anopheles stephensi (Mathew et al.
krombeini and Anopheles stephensi cell lines (19,23-25).
Repellent and deterrent effects of SS220, picaridin, and deet suppress human blood feeding by Aedes aegypti, Anopheles stephensi, and Phlebotomus papatasi.