Anselm Feuerbach


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Feuerbach, Anselm

 

Born Sept. 12, 1829, in Speyer; died Jan. 4, 1880, in Venice. German painter. Grandson of the criminologist A. Feuerbach and nephew of the philosopher L. Feuerbach.

Feuerbach studied at the academies of Düsseldorf (1845–48), Munich (1848–50), and Paris (1851–54). Beginning in 1855, he lived mainly in Italy—from 1857 to 1873 in Rome and from 1876 in Venice. His work was influenced by G. Courbet, P. P. Rubens, and the 16th-century Italian masters.

Feuerbach sought to revive monumental art in the Renaissance style, and his works reflect the influence of neo-idealism and neo-classicism. His enormous canvases, which depict scenes from Greek and Roman mythology, are marked by a stately, idealized quality. They are distinguished for the material tangibility of their figures, as well as for their flowing rhythm and decorative tonal effects. Important examples include Iphigeneia (1862; Hesse Museum, Darmstadt) and The Banquet (1869; Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe).

REFERENCE

Anselm Feuerbach: Gemälde und Zeichnungen. Munich, 1976.
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Like his German contemporaries Anselm Feuerbach and Hans von Marees, Bocklin enjoyed long sojourns in Italy, where his imagination was fired with visions of antiquity, as if on a sunny excursion to Capri he might stumble upon no less an adversary than Polyphemus.
Elegant and exquisitely produced works fill its pages, from the painstakingly executed and highly finished chalk drawing Jupiter embracing Cupid by Joseph Heintz, to the looser, rapidly delineated but effortlessly eloquent pen and ink study for Prometheus battling with the eagle by Anselm Feuerbach.