Anselm of Canterbury


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Related to Anselm of Canterbury: St. Anselm, Rene Descartes

Anselm of Canterbury

 

Born 1033, in Aosta, Italy; died Apr. 21, 1109, in Canterbury, England. Theologian; representative of the Scholastics. Archbishop of Canterbury from 1093.

Anselm understood faith to be a prerequisite for rational knowledge: “I do not seek to understand in order that I may believe, but I believe in order that I may understand” (Proslogion, p. 1). In contrast to the deductions of the existence of god from the existence of objects, Anselm developed the so-called ontological proof of god, deducing his being from the very concept of god, for “something than which nothing greater can be conceived” cannot be thought of as nonexistent. The understanding of being as some sort of “perfection,” which appeared in this reasoning, and the striving toward a direct intellectual contemplation of god are characteristic of the Platonic tradition. In a polemic about universals, Anselm took the position of realism. His extreme theological rationalism appears in the tract Cur Deus homo? (Why Did God Take Human Form?), in which he attempted through pure logic to prove the necessity of the incarnation of god.

WORKS

Opera omnia, vols. 1–5. Edinburgh-Rome, 1946–51.
Monologion. Latin-German edition of F. Schmitt. Stuttgart-Baden-Baden, 1964.

REFERENCES

Istoriiafilosofii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1940. Pages 425–30.
Barth, K. Fides quaerens intellectum: Anselms Beweis der Existenz Gottes. . . . Munich, 1931.
Jaspers, K. Die grossen Philosophen, vol. 1. Munich, 1957.

S. S. AVERINTSEV

References in periodicals archive ?
12) In Why God Became Man, the first full articulation of satisfaction atonement, Anselm of Canterbury holds up only Jesus' voluntary, innocent suffering as exemplary, and Anselm does not mention the resurrection of Jesus in this writing.
Whether one accepts the theory of evolution or not, this is a compelling argument that in its details and line of reasoning is not terribly unlike that developed by Anselm of Canterbury centuries ago.
Anselm of Canterbury, "De Conceptu Virginali et de Originali Peccato," in vol.
The Trinity was an even more sensitive topic, and it was for their efforts to establish this doctrine on a rational footing that Roscelin, William of Conches, Gilbert of Poitiers, and, most famously, Peter Abelard incurred the wrath of monastic conservatives like Anselm of Canterbury and Bernard of Clairvaux.
Bestul also shows the seminal influence of the devotional writings of Anselm of Canterbury and John of Fecamp, of Bernard of Clairvaux and Aelred of Rievaulx, and particularly the important role in the early tradition of the literature of the Passion played by the meditations of Ekbert of Schonau and the `Quis dabit capiti meo', probably to be attributed to the Italian Cistercian Ogier of Locedio (an edition of which, based on British Library, MS Cotton Vespasian E.
The topics include Duns Scotus and the univocity of the concept of being, Anselm of Canterbury on pure perfection, and Suarez and Heidegger on the transcendental moment in the cognito transcendentalis.
Anselm of Canterbury (12th century) cast his argument in the form of prayer to "That than which nothing greater can be conceived.
His many analyses, ranging from Sankara to Thomas Jefferson, from Anselm of Canterbury to Immanuel Kant, all support the idea that theistic arguments have wide-ranging uses.
ANSELM OF CANTERBURY, A DOCTOR OF the church, and Julian of Norwich, a 14th-century mystic, had no trouble speaking of Christ as our Mother.
Abelard's view was shared by Anselm of Canterbury, who had written about the appetites of the flesh that "it is not the desire but the indulgence of desire that is sinful" (Anselm, ii, 144).
Freimut Loser considers German versions (associated with Eckhart) of Anselm of Canterbury, and Ursula Hennig compares the Latin Planctus ante Nescia with German Marienklagen.
lucidly shows how these Parisian masters--in conversation with such auctoritates as Augustine, Gregory the Great, Anselm of Canterbury, Hugh of St.