segment

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Related to Anterior segment: Anterior chamber, anterior segment of eyeball, Anterior segment of eye

segment

1. Maths
a. a part of a line or curve between two points
b. a part of a plane or solid figure cut off by an intersecting line, plane, or planes, esp one between a chord and an arc of a circle
2. Zoology any of the parts into which the body or appendages of an annelid or arthropod are divided

Segment

 

in mathematics. A segment of a line is the set of points on the line that are located between two points A and B; in Russian usage, the segment includes both A and B. In other words, a segment is the set of points of a line such that the coordinates of the points satisfy the condition axb, where a and b are the coordinates of the segment endpoints. Thus, the segment constitutes a closed interval and can be denoted by [a, b].


Segment

 

(1)A segment in the plane is a region bounded by a chord and the arc of the curve subtended by the chord. The area of the segment AmB of the circle in Figure 1 is the difference between the area of the sector OAmB and the triangle OAB.

Figure 1

(2) A segment in space is a part cut off from a solid by a plane. An example is a spherical segment.

(3) A segment of a line is the set of points on a line that are located between two points A and B. In Russian usage, the two points A and B are included in the segment. Thus, a segment is the set of points on a line whose coordinates satisfy the condition axb. (SeeINTERVAL AND SEGMENT.)


Segment

 

(also metamere), one of a series of homologous parts of the body of an animal, located along the long axis of the body. Segments may be similar to one another; for instance, among the most primitive annelids the entire complex of organs is repeated in each segment. Given the same general structure, complete similarity between segments may be destroyed by the absence of certain organs or by some change in the organs: these types of segments may be observed among arthropods. The segmentation of an animal’s body is also called metamerism.

segment

[′seg·mənt]
(analytical chemistry)
A specific, demarcated portion of a lot of a substance that is to be chemically analyzed.
(computer science)
A single section of an overlay program structure, which can be loaded into the main memory when and as needed.
In some direct-access storage devices, a hardware-defined portion of a track having fixed data capacity.
(mathematics)
A segment of a line or curve is any connected piece.
A segment of a circle is a portion of the circle bounded by a chord and an arc subtended by the chord.
A segment of a totally ordered Abelian group G is a subset D of G such that if a is in D then so are all elements b satisfying -aba.
(navigation)
In air operations, a basic functional division of an instrument approach procedure; it bears a fixed orientation with respect to the course to be flown; it is assigned specific geometric coordinates which uniquely determine its position; the location of the segment is assigned with respect to the obstacles in the operations area.

segment

/seg'ment/ 1. <architecture> A collection of pages in a memory management system.

2. <programming> A separately relocatable section of an executable program. Unix executables have a text segment (executable machine instructions), a data segment (initialised data) and a bss segment (uninitialised data).

3. <networking> network segment.

4. To experience a segmentation fault. Confusingly, the stress is often put on the first syllable, like the noun "segment", rather than the second like mainstream verb "segment". This is because it is actually a noun shorthand that has been verbed.

5. A block of memory in a segmented address space.

segment

(1) Any partition, reserved area, partial component or piece of a larger structure. See overlay.

(2) One of the bars that make up a single character in an LED or LCD display.

(3) For DOS segment addressing, see paragraph.
References in periodicals archive ?
Course code: C-41843 Deadline: November 7, 2015 LEARNING OBJECTIVES To understand the appropriate referral response for different anterior segment conditions (Group 2.
Anterior segment manifestations are also common and include potentially blinding and life-threatening conditions outlined below.
Contributors identified only by name, but presumably ophthalmologists in India, describe the fundamentals of the system and its clinical application in the eyelid-lacrimal system, the conjunctiva, extra-ocular muscles, the lens, the iris, glaucoma, the anterior segment, the cornea, the scler, the orbit, and the globe.
A prospective randomized controlled study was undertaken in 25 patients of occludable angles/closed angles cataract (age [greater than or equal to] 40 years) and 25 patients with open angle cataract to elucidate the anterior segment changes after phacoemulsification and foldable intraocular lens implantation (IOL) using UBM.
Neda Shamie, 38, a specialist in corneal, anterior segment and refractive surgery at the Portland, Oregon, Devers Eye Institute, was invited last year to travel back to Iran 26 years after she and her family fled.
This came at The Research Institute Ophthalmology's (RIO) 4th International Meeting, titled "Cairo Middle East Anterior Segment of Refractive Surgery Symposium," co-sponsored by The International Society of Refractive Surgery (ISRS) and The American Academy of Ophthalmology and held in the Egyptian capital from Jan14-15.
Involvement of the anterior segment structures were noted as invasion of anterior chamber angle, iris, or ciliary body (Figure 1).
All underwent a full slit-lamp anterior segment examination as well as dilated fundi examination with slit-lamp biomicroscopy.
0 nazi) long, with light yellow segments and two middle darker spots, anterior segment with two brown depressions, lateral sides dark yellow, venter light yellow.
Anterior segment defects can be divided into two basic groups from a clinical standpoint--anterior and posterior cystoceles, Dr.
Initial examination of the anterior segment revealed hyphema (8 patients), corneal abrasion (1 patient), cataracts (3 patients), lens subluxation (2 patients), and iris sphincter ruptures (3 patients).
The anterior segment lies sagittally and is attached to the lateral end of the cribriform plate.

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