Anthelmintic Treatment

Anthelmintic Treatment

 

part of the extermination of sources of infection; a complex of therapeutic and prophylactic measures for ridding man and animals of helminthiases. The Russian term degel’mintizatsiia was first proposed by Academician K. I. Skriabin in 1925. In a broader sense, anthelmintic treatment means the destruction of helminths not only in man and animals but also in the environment (the soil, water, food products, forage, and so on). Anthelmintic treatment of man and animals is accomplished mainly by means of specific pharmacological agents (anthelmintics), with subsequent obligatory neutralization of the parasites that are eliminated, as well as their fragments, eggs, and larvae.

A distinction is made between therapeutic anthelmintic treatment, which is conducted after the disease develops, and prophylactic treatment, which is generally done in a planned fashion. The latter is very widely used in livestock raising. The most important feature of prophylactic anthelmintic treatment is that anthelmintics are given not only to obviously sick animals but also to all the other animals in the same herd. Prophylactic anthelmintic treatment is carried out at set times determined by epidemiology, the epizootiology of helminthiases, and the biology of the parasites causing them. For example, to prevent gid and echinococcosis of sheep, sheepdogs are given prophylactic anthelmintic treatment every three months. The procedure is most effective when the helminths have not yet reached sexual maturity in the host (so-called preimaginal anthelmintic treatment); in this case infected animals are prevented from contracting the disease again and spreading infected matter in the environment.

REFERENCE

Stroitel’stvo gel’mintologicheskoi nauki i praktiki v SSSR, vol. 1. Moscow, 1962.

I. V. ORLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of three anthelmintic treatment regimes against Fasciola and nematodes on the performance of ewes and lambs on pasture in the highlands of Kenya.
To assist clinicians and provide standardized advice for the countries, the guidelines also provide an overview of the most common gastrointestinal parasites such as hookworms and roundworms, common clinical signs, diagnoses, anthelmintic treatment options covering route of application, dose and efficacies of regularly used drugs and adjunct care such as blood transfusions.
The control of parasite infections relies on the regular anthelmintic treatment with short intervals.
Other studies have shown that animals in greater need of anthelmintic treatment can be identified and treated selectively [19].
During the selection of population, flock owners were also interrogated about the use of any anthelmintic treatment to avoid sampling from anthelmintic-treated animals.
This parasite needs comprehensive approach including anthelmintic treatment and improved managemental practices to decrease the fly population.
Experiences with the FAMACHAEye- Colour-Chart for identifying sheep and goats for targeted anthelmintic treatment.
But the presence of a tapeworm segment on or around a dog's anus is a clear sign that he needs anthelmintic treatment.
In summary, clinicians must be aware of the need to follow the efficacy of anthelmintic treatment for S.
Child: Age, Gender, Wasting, Iron intake, Anthelmintic treatment in the previous six months, Vitamin-A intake, DPT-3 vaccination
Anthelmintic treatment is a regular practice in enzootic areas, but it fails to eradicate the disease.
Completing the volume are chapters on nutrition, long-term recovery and prevention, and gastrointestinal parasites and anthelmintic treatment.