Hominidae

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Related to Anthropoid apes: pongid

Hominidae

[hä′min·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of primates in the superfamily Hominoidea containing one living species, Homo sapiens.

Hominidae

 

a family of the order Primates. This family includes modern and fossil (Archanthropus, Palaeoan-thropus) man. Most scientists also include Australopithecines and other biped fossils of the higher primates in the family Hominidae. However, there are researchers who take Hominidae to mean only “genuine” man, starting from Archanthropus. According to the first point of view, the family Hominidae arose toward the end of the Tertiary period (about 3.5 million years ago); according to the second, it arose toward the middle of the Quaternary period (that is, about 1 million years ago).

References in classic literature ?
Philander are the only people in the world who can swear that the little skeleton found in the cabin with those of your father and mother was that of an infant anthropoid ape, and not the offspring of Lord and Lady Greystoke.
In South America there are, if my memory serves me--you will check the observation, Professor Summerlee--some thirty-six species of monkeys, but the anthropoid ape is unknown.
The Ho-lus, or apes, the Alus and myself were the only creatures of human semblance with which she could hold no converse; yet it was evident that her intelligence told her that I was neither Ho-lu nor Alu, neither anthropoid ape nor speechless man.