a philosophical conception whose proponents consider the concept of “man” as the basic philosophical category and assert that only by proceeding from this concept can one develop a system of ideas about nature, society, and thought.

The adherents of anthropologism defend either materialistic or idealistic views. The most important representatives of materialistic anthropologism were C. Helvétius, L. Feuer-bach, and N. G. Chernyshevskii. Feuerbach introduced and provided a universal basis for the anthropological principle in philosophy. He proposed the concept of “man” as the antithesis of “idea” and “spirit”—concepts which summed up the dominant objective idealism of that period. Beginning in the second half of the 19th century, idealistic variants of anthropologism quickly developed (F. Nietzsche, W. Dilthey, and G. Simmel). Its most complete exposition was propounded by M. Scheler, one of the creators of modern philosophical anthropology. Its adherents (A. Gehlen and others), as well as the existentialist philosophers who are ideologically close to them, proposed the category of “man” as the antithesis of the concepts of “society” and “nature.”

The limitations of anthropologism are manifested primarily in its too abstract and one-sided understanding of man himself and of his peculiarity as a social being. In any of its variants, anthropologism is idealistic in its conception of society, limiting objective social relationships between people to the idealistic concept of the tie between “I” and “Thou.” As a methodological principle, anthropologism has become widespread in non-Marxist sociology, ethics, and aesthetics.


Engels, F. Liudvig Feierbakh i konets klassicheskoi nemetskoi filosofii. In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 21.
Lenin, V. I. “Filosofskie tetradi.” In Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 29. Page 64.
Istoriia filosofii, vol. 5. Moscow, 1961. (Chapter 7, section 1.)
Korneev, P. V. Sovremennaia filosofskaia antropologiia. Moscow, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
A good theoretical basis for the above was anthropologism, in accordance with which the theory of human metaphysics was being generally structured person during the period of anthropological turn in the 20th century.
Due to its commitment to anthropologism, the human metaphysics was actually isolated from the subject field of the social theory and, moreover, was developed in opposition to it.
The 'final' attempt to look beyond residual anthropologism ranges across philosophies of the (trans-, post-, in-)human, offering different critical scenarios (including postbiological fantasies) of the 'end of man' and of the 'human-to-come' as an impossible witness to his own demise, which recalls the issue of the post-apocalyptic sublime outlined in the mid-1980s.
This stance on subjectivity informs Luft's critiques of psychologism, anthropologism, and the putative "fundamentality" of Heideggerian Dasein.
Being-Historical Thinking, and Life-Philosophy, Anthropologism, Racism, and Formal Logic, Heidegger Studies, Vol 23, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, 2007, 221 pp.
The use of structuralist analysis in the history of knowledge would allow him to escape the anthropologism (or anthropocentrism) and the cultural totalities of history, to refrain from the use of world views or the spirit of an age (15-16).
a new, truly postmodern, polity against the anthropologism of the dominant culture: a coalitional solidarity of identityless identifies, identities based not on ontologically essentialist grounds, but on the historically specific and fluid imbalances of power relations in post-Enlightenment modernity.

Full browser ?