Anti-Federalists

Anti-Federalists,

in American history, opponents of the adoption of the federal Constitution. Leading Anti-Federalists included George MasonMason, James,
1909–84, British stage and film actor. Mason, trained at Cambridge as an architect, became a leading man in British films in the 1940s and thereafter an international star.
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, Elbridge GerryGerry, Elbridge
, 1744–1814, American statesman, Vice President of the United States, b. Marblehead, Mass. He was elected (1772) to the Massachusetts General Court, where he became a follower of Samuel Adams, who enlisted him in the colonial activities preceding the
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, Patrick HenryHenry, Patrick,
1736–99, political leader in the American Revolution, b. Hanover co., Va. Largely self-educated, he became a prominent trial lawyer. Henry bitterly denounced (1765) the Stamp Act and in the years that followed helped fan the fires of revolt in the South.
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, and George ClintonClinton, George,
1739–1812, American statesman, vice president of the United States (1805–1812), b. Little Britain, N.Y. Before he was 20 he served on a privateer and, in the French and Indian War, accompanied the regiment of his father, Charles Clinton, in the
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. Later, many of the Anti-Federalists opposed the policies of the Federalist partyFederalist party,
in U.S. history, the political faction that favored a strong federal government. Origins and Members

In the later years of the Articles of Confederation there was much agitation for a stronger federal union, which was crowned with success when the
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 and of Alexander HamiltonHamilton, Alexander,
1755–1804, American statesman, b. Nevis, in the West Indies. Early Career

He was the illegitimate son of James Hamilton (of a prominent Scottish family) and Rachel Faucett Lavien (daughter of a doctor-planter on Nevis and the estranged
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.

Bibliography

See M. Borden, ed., The Antifederalist Papers (1965); C. M. Kenyon, ed., The Antifederalists (1966).

References in periodicals archive ?
In the summer of 1788 the major objection of Old North State's Anti-Federalists had been the lack of a Bill of Rights.
that Anti-Federalists must have opposed commandeering is a central
Before the anti-federalists recoil in dismay, it is important not to fall prey to binary thinking - it is not "everything or nothing".
Even as it was being written, the Federalist Papers were crafted to promote the Constitution and anti-Federalists worked to defeat it.
There has always been another strain in the political philosophy of the people among whom Hollander came to live, however, and the preoccupations of the Anti-Federalists illustrate the third route-beyond simple institutions, and beyond institutions invested with the requisite power-to holding dangerously aspiring power in check, and that is the civic virtue of the citizenry.
Napolitano reviews the early history of this country and the fierce battles between the Federalists and the anti-Federalists.
This body alone forecast the continued existence of the states, " wrote one historian, as senators were to be chosen by the state legislatures and each state, regardless of its size, had two senators in contrast to the more democratic House; accordingly, the Anti-Federalists favored the existence of a Senate and opposed a unicameral legislature, which existed in several states at the time of the Constitutional Convention.
This same set of concerns is deeply entrenched in American political history, and was expressed in the thought of the Anti-Federalists during the constitutional debates of 1787-1788.
Indeed, this was a general concern of the Anti-Federalists (Ellis 1999, 221-222; Storing 1981, 67, 142, 151, 348).
45) Not because I think the Anti-Federalists had the correct understanding of the Ninth, but because the Virginia debate in its entirety sheds important light on letters Madison and others wrote in response to that debate.