antipope

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antipope

[Lat.,=against the pope], person elected pope whose election was declared uncanonical and in opposition to a canonically chosen pontiff. Important antipopes were NovatianNovatian
, fl. 250, Roman priest, antipope (from 251), and theologian. He opposed the election of St. Cornelius as pope and set himself up instead. He gained followers throughout the empire because of his espousal of the idea that those fallen from grace by compromising their
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; Clement III (see Guibert of RavennaGuibert of Ravenna
, d. 1100, Italian churchman, antipope (1080–1100) Clement III, b. Parma. As imperial chancellor of Italy (1057–63), he consistently supported the Holy Roman emperor's opposition to papal reform efforts, and he led the party that repudiated Pope
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); Nicholas V (see Rainalducci, PietroRainalducci or Rainallucci, Pietro
, d. 1333, Italian churchman (b. Corvaro, near Rieti), antipope (1328–30) with the name Nicholas V.
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); Clement VII (see Robert of GenevaRobert of Geneva,
d. 1394, Genevan churchman, antipope (1378–94; see Schism, Great) with the name Clement VII. He was archbishop of Cambrai (1368) and was created (1371) a cardinal.
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); Benedict XIII (see Luna, Pedro deLuna, Pedro de
, 1328?–1423?, Aragonese churchman, antipope (1394–1417) with the name Benedict XIII. He was a doctor of canon law and as cardinal (1375) became an outstanding member of the Curia Romana.
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); John XXIII (or by a different count, John XXII; see Cossa, BaldassareCossa, Baldassare
, c.1370–1419, Neapolitan churchman, antipope (1410–15; see Schism, Great) with the name John XXIII. He had a military career before entering the service of the church.
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); and Felix V (see Amadeus VIIIAmadeus VIII
, 1383–1451, count (1391–1416) and duke (from 1416) of Savoy, antipope (1439–49) with the name Felix V. In 1434 he appointed his son regent of Savoy and retired to the hermitage of Ripaille, on Lake Geneva, which he had founded.
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), who was the last antipope.

antipope

a rival pope elected in opposition to one who has been canonically chosen
References in periodicals archive ?
Do we have to believe that at the moment of the death of anti-pope Clement III in 1110, a large marble carving which became known as the Greek Madonna appeared miraculously on the beach nea r Ravenna?
Upon Zephyrinus' death, that critic became the first anti-pope, Hippolytus.
It's ironic that a man, who professes to be anti-Pope because the Pope is a secular and religious theocrat, is also a secular and religious theocrat himself.
passes through one who did little to help Jews in the Second World War and who gave his blessing to German and Italian troops, those who gained the office by nepotism and buying and selling church privileges, a Borgia who had six illegitimate children, two of whom were born after he became pope, anti-popes who ruled simultaneously, and so on.
The Investiture Controversy, the reforms of Gregory, the kidnapping of Henry IV, and the papal schism are all described, in a series of chronological chapters devoted to the careers of each pope, including the anti-popes.
Several times there's been two or even three men, each proclaiming himself Pope (these would-be usurpers are known as anti-popes but, at this distance, it's virtually impossible to know who was a pukka pope and who a blaggard).
In 2001, after the popular and successful poet Billy Collins was named to the post, subscribers to the SUNY-Buffalo POETICS mailing list elected Anselm Hollo "anti-laureate" in the tradition of the anti-popes of Avignon.
The legitimate Popes stayed until 1378 but until 1410 there were anti-popes, all creating a market for the wine.
He outlasted four anti-popes to eventually unite the church by the time of his death in 1181.
There have been as many as 39 Anti-Popes throughout papal history.
his account of the rash of anti-popes that have arisen after Vatican II.