Abolitionism

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Abolitionism

 

(1) A social movement aimed at liquidating a law.

(2) A movement in the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries for the abolition of Negro slavery. Abolitionism in the United States was strikingly manifested by the Negro slave rebellions in the South—for example, the rebellions in 1800, led by Gabriel; and in 1831, led by Nat Turner. The beginning of an organized national abolitionist movement dates from the founding of the American Antislavery Society in 1833. Abolitionism unified broad segments of society, including farmers who were struggling for land against the slaveholding plantation owners, workers, progressive intellectuals, and activists in the Negro emancipation movement, as well as an element of the bourgeoisie who saw slavery as an obstacle to the development of capitalism in the country. The most revolutionary abolitionist groups, headed by F. Douglass, understood the need for armed force in the struggle against slavery. Of special importance in the struggle against slavery was the 1859 insurrection led by J. Brown. The popular masses played a leading role in the liquidation of slavery during the American Civil War. Under pressure from them, the government of A. Lincoln adopted as a military measure a law emancipating but giving no land to those Negro slaves who were owned by planters participating in the secessionist rebellion. However, the Civil War did not bring true freedom to the Negroes. The American bourgeoisie strove “to restore everything possible, and to do everything possible—even the impossible—to further the most shameless and vile oppression of Negroes” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 27, p. 142).

(3) The struggle which developed in Great Britain, France, and several other European countries in the 18th and 19th centuries to abolish slavery in colonial areas.

References in periodicals archive ?
As we mark Anti-Slavery Day, I call on everyone across the UK to think while you shop and do your bit to end modern slavery.
Though a work of fiction, "Ere Aworan" is based around real historical events, and its narrative could still teach readers about the history of slavery and the anti-slavery movement around the time of the Civil War.
Students of all ages approach us to study Fitchburg's rich history of anti-slavery activity.
Despite Mauritania's anti-slavery legislation, it is rarely enforced and the slavery of black Moors by Berber Arabs is an entrenched part of society.
Victim care, the crucial role that local police teams play in the fight against human trafficking, the importance of building solid working relationships with Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) and the benefits of joint investigation teams with foreign police services were among the issues discussed at the event, staged ahead of national Anti-Slavery Day today.
The Anti-Slavery League's Dr Aidan McQuade said the sentence will send out the message that trafficking is "a low-risk, high reward business".
Freedom's Delay is emphatically about the "big picture" of the anti-slavery movement, rather than the stories of individual states.
Wales is the only nation in the UK to have an anti-slavery co-ordinator, but the role has limited capacity - with one Welsh police and crime commissioner having never heard of the role, the Communities, Equality and Local Government Committee has warned.
A WALES-wide anti-slavery network spearheading the crackdown on human traffickers is to provide the blueprint for the rest of the UK.
Summary: Constitutional court says Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz will face four other candidates including woman and anti-slavery activist in presidential election.
Jakub Sobik, a spokesman for Anti-Slavery International, said: "The numbers of arrests, let alone the convictions related to slavery, are appallingly low in Wales and across the UK.
Speaking to UNTV, McQueen called on people to join organizations like Anti-slavery International in the UK, for which he is an Ambassador, or Polaris in the United States.