Abolitionism

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Abolitionism

 

(1) A social movement aimed at liquidating a law.

(2) A movement in the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries for the abolition of Negro slavery. Abolitionism in the United States was strikingly manifested by the Negro slave rebellions in the South—for example, the rebellions in 1800, led by Gabriel; and in 1831, led by Nat Turner. The beginning of an organized national abolitionist movement dates from the founding of the American Antislavery Society in 1833. Abolitionism unified broad segments of society, including farmers who were struggling for land against the slaveholding plantation owners, workers, progressive intellectuals, and activists in the Negro emancipation movement, as well as an element of the bourgeoisie who saw slavery as an obstacle to the development of capitalism in the country. The most revolutionary abolitionist groups, headed by F. Douglass, understood the need for armed force in the struggle against slavery. Of special importance in the struggle against slavery was the 1859 insurrection led by J. Brown. The popular masses played a leading role in the liquidation of slavery during the American Civil War. Under pressure from them, the government of A. Lincoln adopted as a military measure a law emancipating but giving no land to those Negro slaves who were owned by planters participating in the secessionist rebellion. However, the Civil War did not bring true freedom to the Negroes. The American bourgeoisie strove “to restore everything possible, and to do everything possible—even the impossible—to further the most shameless and vile oppression of Negroes” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 27, p. 142).

(3) The struggle which developed in Great Britain, France, and several other European countries in the 18th and 19th centuries to abolish slavery in colonial areas.

References in periodicals archive ?
Citing comments by scholars such as Kenneth Lynn, who in the 1960s identified slavery as the "gravest moral problem in the nation's history," Delbanco argues that the American literature canon eventually changed because of the successful campaign of the anti-slavery movement.
But these great sailing ships represented something darker; and as the young Gladstone grew up he would have encountered the anti-slavery movement - and its leading figures, Wilberforce, Thomas Clarkson and Granville Sharp.
The houses are attributed to the anti-slavery movement of the mid-1800s, and were reportedly attacked during celebrations for the Emancipation Proclamation.
Gougeon's Virtue's Hero, published in 1990, is a strong, indeed an unanswerable, argument against the often-heard complaint that Emerson could have done more than he did for the anti-slavery movement.
Moreover, politically active Christians were at the forefront of the modern anti-slavery movement.
Anthony's father was an abolitionist, and one of her brothers became active in the Kansas anti-slavery movement.
At the same time, a global anti-slavery movement of grassroots human rights groups is emerging.
In fact, his grandfather and uncles were key members of the anti-slavery movement.
They were sufficiently militant to do battle with the police, but in other respects they seem to have been less noteworthy than contemporary middle-class women who were active in the anti-slavery movement and the Anti-Corn Law League.
In doing so, she both demonstrates her argument that while the Journal addressed the anti-slavery movement its editors envisioned it as a newspaper that would suit the needs of and inform the African-American community.
The anti-slavery movement may seem like a no-brainer today; how could we simply ignore the rights of other human beings?
Pupils will learn about William Wilberforce and Olaudah Equiano, a slave who bought his freedom, and how the anti-slavery movement led to later civil rights campaigns.