Anticonvulsant

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anticonvulsant

[‚an·tē·kən′vəl·sənt]
(pharmacology)
An agent, such as Dilantin, that prevents or arrests a convulsion.

Anticonvulsant

 

one of a group of medicinal preparations having different chemical compositions and capable of preventing or relieving convulsions. Anticonvulsants include a number of substances that act as hypnotics and sedatives, for instance, bromides, chloral hydrate, magnesium sulfate, and phenobarbital. Other substances are selectively anticonvulsant, for example, diphenin, Hexamidine (lepsiral), Trimethin (epidione), and chloracon. Anticonvulsants are used mainly in treating epilepsy.

REFERENCE

Mashkovskii, M. D. Lekarstvennye sredstva, 7th ed., part 1. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
In summary, this study showed that nimodipine (voltage-dependent calcium channel antagonist type L) decreased clonic and tonic seizures from Primphos in mice is probably the main mechanism anticonvulsant related to block calcium channels and reduce calcium flow within neurons.
Some investigators, including Post, theorize that anticonvulsants may help in the treatment of some SUDs because they reduce cravings.
In addition, in many of the studies included in the meta-analysis, the anticonvulsant agents were used as adjunctive treatment, "further complicating the assessment of their individual effect.
Phenytoin and other anticonvulsants can cause generalized lymphadenopathy and necrotizing lymphadenitis as part of hypersensitivity syndrome.
The other group had their anticonvulsant drugs changed before conception and took folic acid throughout pregnancy.
Many of these children were able to reduce their anticonvulsant medications significantly; some were able to stop the medications entirely.
com/research/bae599/anticonvulsants_ma) has announced the addition of the "Anticonvulsants Market to 2016 - Cost Advantage and Dosage Convenience Provided by Generic Anticonvulsants Will Limit Commercial Opportunities for Novel Therapies" report to their offering.
In what they described as the first study to directly compare suicide risks with different anticonvulsants given in routine care, the investigators reported finding "increased risk for suicidal acts beginning within the first 14 days of treatment initiation.
The wide range of indications and common use of anticonvulsants in patients with or without psychiatric comorbidities make their safety an issue of great relevance," the authors write.
However, there are several important questions that have not yet been definitively answered: What are the comparative risks of specific anticonvulsants, does lowering the dose decrease the risk, does periconceptional folic acid supplementation modify anticonvulsant-attributable risk, does the same risk apply to anticonvulsant medications when used to treat psychiatric disorders, and what are the long-term consequences such as cognitive deficits in children with prenatal exposure?