Anticonvulsant

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Related to Antiepileptics: Analgesics, Benzodiazepines

anticonvulsant

[‚an·tē·kən′vəl·sənt]
(pharmacology)
An agent, such as Dilantin, that prevents or arrests a convulsion.

Anticonvulsant

 

one of a group of medicinal preparations having different chemical compositions and capable of preventing or relieving convulsions. Anticonvulsants include a number of substances that act as hypnotics and sedatives, for instance, bromides, chloral hydrate, magnesium sulfate, and phenobarbital. Other substances are selectively anticonvulsant, for example, diphenin, Hexamidine (lepsiral), Trimethin (epidione), and chloracon. Anticonvulsants are used mainly in treating epilepsy.

REFERENCE

Mashkovskii, M. D. Lekarstvennye sredstva, 7th ed., part 1. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
3 Different drugs for the treatment of epilepsy are available but the most common treatment for epilepsy is monotherapy with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and about 50% patients are treated successfully with monotherapy.
The conventional antiepileptics are still the main modality of epilepsy treatment in Asian children even after the availability as well as safety of newer antiepileptics, like Valproate (about 40%).
All patients irrespective of age and sex suspected of showing drug reactions owing to antiepileptics seen in various outpatient departments and admitted in the wards during the period of 6 years were included in the study after taking their written informed consent.
1%) patients experienced different types of adverse effects due to antiepileptic therapy.
The Maternal Outcomes and Neurodevelopmental Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs (MONEAD) study assessed neurodevelopmental outcomes in 311 children whose mothers took valproate, phenytoin, carbamazepine, or lamotrigine for epilepsy during pregnancy.
Adverse reactions to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) occur to a certain degree in almost 80% of patients and are a major concern for physicians (1, 2).
paradoxical response to antiepileptics (worsening or unexpected responses)
Many women hear about the teratogenic potential of antiepileptics and decide to stop epilepsy treatment entirely.
The use of antiepileptic drugs does not appear to raise the risk of suicide beyond the increased risk already associated with the underlying conditions for which patients take these medicines, according to results from a large database analysis.
In the alert, FDA recommended that "all patients treated with antiepileptic drugs should be monitored for suicidality and other unusual changes in behavior.
To our knowledge, there are no other published reports describing the RP-HPLC determination of antiepileptics in serum with direct injection.
It is the third antiepileptic that has become available for treating this devastating form of epilepsy.