processing

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processing

[′prä‚ses·iŋ]
(communications)
Further handling, manipulation, consolidation, compositing, and so on, of information to convert it from one format to another or to reduce it to manageable or intelligible information.
(engineering)
The act of converting material from one form into another desired form.

processing

(data processing, signal processing)
Performing some predefined sequence of operations on an input to produce an output or change of internal state; activity specifically involving the computer's CPU.

The term is often qualified: "data processing" treats digital data, "signal processing" treats analog data (possibly in digital form), "word processing" takes in typed human language input and produces digital documents, image processing transforms digital images.

processing

Manipulating data within the computer. For an explanation of how the computer processes data, see computer and review "The 3 C's." "Processing" is appended to a variety of terms, but the word itself always implies "performing" or "doing work" by means of a computer or computer-based device. See centralized processing, distributed processing, batch processing, transaction processing and multiprocessing.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most important findings of this study are that a) exposure to PRN during 1[degrees] CTL activation results in a dramatic delayed abrogation of CTL lysis that is irreversible, and b) the immunotoxic effects of PRN exposure under these conditions are limited to the functional activity of CTLs and do not affect antigen processing and presentation to CTLs.
In the initial approach to address whether PRN exposure inhibits cell-mediated immunity, we examined its possible impact on antigen processing and presentation in the class I MHC antigen presentation pathway, and indirectly on CTL induction and responsiveness.
Thus, if PRN exposure only partially interferes with antigen processing or presentation, its adverse effect may be masked under these in vitro assay conditions.
We have demonstrated that the down-regulation of TAP1 occurs in a wide variety of human lung cancers, and that the corresponding defect in the antigen processing pathway can be reversed using an adenovirus containing TAP1 cDNA," said Dr.
The investigators assessed human lung cancer biopsy samples (nine small cell and 10 non-small cell carcinomas) for expression of components of the antigen processing pathway (APP) and found only one of the 19 samples expressed normal levels of TAP1.
Without this novel, bioengineered method such tumor epitopes must be processed by antigen processing cells such as macrophages or dendritic cells in a more complex and indirect mechanism.