Antigua and Barbuda

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Antigua and Barbuda

(ăntē`gə, –gwə, bärbu`də), independent Commonwealth nation (2005 est. pop. 68,700), 171 sq mi (442 sq km), West Indies, in the Leeward Islands. It consists of the island of Antigua (108 sq mi/280 sq km) and two smaller islands, the more sparsely populated Barbuda (62 sq mi/161 sq km) and uninhabited Redonda (0.6 sq mi/1.6 sq km). Saint John'sSaint John's,
city (1991 pop. 21,514), capital of Antigua and Barbuda, in the West Indies. St. John's, at the head of a harbor formed by an inlet, is the commercial center of the country. Tourism is important. The harbor has been dredged to accommodate deep-draft vessels.
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, on Antigua, is the capital. Antigua is a hilly island with a heavily indented coast, while Barbuda is a flat coral island dominated by a large lagoon on its western side. Most residents are of African ancestry. Anglicanism is the predominant religion. Tourism is the most important industry, and the on-line gambling and offshore financial services sectors generate additional foreign currency earnings. The last two sectors have been hurt, however, by a 2006 U.S. ban on the processing of payments to on-line gambling firms and by the 2009 collapse, due to fraud, of the bank that was the nation's largest employer. Agriculture, fishing, and manufacturing (bedding, handicrafts, and electronics) also contribute to the economy. There is a U.S. air force tracking station on the north coast of Antigua. Periodic hurricanes can cause heavy damage to the islands. The country has a parliamentary-style government with a bicameral legislature. The British monarch is the titular head of state, but primary executive power lies with the prime minister. Many inhabitants of Barbuda, culturally and politically distinct from Antiguans, have pressed for independence from the larger island.

History

Antigua was sighted by Columbus in 1493 and named for a Spanish church in Seville. The islands were successfully colonized in 1632, when the British introduced sugarcane from St. Kitts. Barbuda was colonized from Antigua in 1661. The abolition of slavery in 1834 hurt the sugar industry; sugar has not been commercially grown on the island since 1985.

Antigua, with Barbuda and Redonda as dependencies, became an associated state of the Commonwealth in 1967 and achieved full independence within the Commonwealth in 1981. The Labor party, and the Bird family, led the nation in its first decades. Vere Bird was the nation's first prime minister and was succeeded by Lester Bird, his son, in 1994. The islands suffered extensive damage from Hurricane Luis in 1995. Six consecutive terms of Labor governments ended in 2004 when the United Progressive party (UPP) won the election; Baldwin Spencer became prime minister. Spencer and the UPP remained in power after the 2009 election.

In 2009 allegations that American financier Allen Stanford had been running a Ponzi scheme had a significant effect on the country. The Stanford Financial Group was based there; it and its affiliates employed many inhabitants; and the government had received substantial loans from the group while the Birds were in power. A run on Stanford's banks led the government to seize them; other Stanford properties were also seized. The 2014 elections resulted in a Labor victory, and Gaston Browne became prime minister.

Antigua and Barbuda

Official name: Antigua and Barbuda

Capital city: St. John’s

Internet country code: .ag

Flag description: Red, with an inverted isosceles triangle based on the top edge of the flag; the triangle contains three horizontal bands of black (top), light blue, and white, with a yellow rising sun in the black band

National anthem: “Fair Antigua and Barbuda / We thy sons and daughters stand” (first lines), lyrics by Novelle Hamilton Richards, music by Walter Garnet Picart Cham­bers

National motto: “Each Endeavouring, All Achieving”

National animal: European Fallow Deer. (Dama dama dama)

National bird: Frigate Bird, Man-o’-War or Weather Bird. (Fregata magnificens L.) National flower: Agave, Dagger Log or Batta Log (Barbuda); (Agave karatto Miller)

National fruit: Antigua “Black” Pineapple (Ananas como­sus (L.) Merril)

National sea creature: Hawksbill Turtle or ‘oxbill. (Eretmochelys imbricata)

National stone: Petrified wood

National tree: Whitewood. (Bucida buceras L.)

Geographical description: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-south­east of Puerto Rico

Total area: 170 sq. mi. (442 sq. km.); Antigua: 108 sq. mi. (281 sq. km.) and Barbuda: 62 sq. mi. (161 sq. km.)

Climate: Tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation

Nationality: noun: Antiguan(s), Barbudan(s); adjective: Antiguan, Barbudan

Population: 69,481 (July 2007 CIA est.)

Ethnic groups: Black African 91%, mixed African and European 4.4%, European 1.7%, other 2.9%

Languages spoken: English (official), local dialects

Religions: Anglican 25.7%, Seventh Day Adventist 12.3%, Pentecostal 10.6%, Moravian 10.5%, Roman Catholic 10.4%, Methodist 7.9%, Baptist 4.9%, Church of God 4.5%, other Christian 5.4%, other 2%, none or unspecified 5.8%

Legal Holidays:

Boxing DayDec 26
Christmas DayDec 25
Easter MondayApr 25, 2011; Apr 9, 2012; Apr 1, 2013; Apr 21, 2014; Apr 6, 2015; Mar 28, 2016; Apr 17, 2017; Apr 2, 2018; Apr 22, 2019; Apr 13, 2020; Apr 5, 2021; Apr 18, 2022; Apr 10, 2023
Good FridayApr 22, 2011; Apr 6, 2012; Mar 29, 2013; Apr 18, 2014; Apr 3, 2015; Mar 25, 2016; Apr 14, 2017; Mar 30, 2018; Apr 19, 2019; Apr 10, 2020; Apr 2, 2021; Apr 15, 2022; Apr 7, 2023
Independence DayNov 1
J'ouvertAug 1, 2011; Aug 6, 2012; Aug 5, 2013; Aug 4, 2014; Aug 3, 2015; Aug 1, 2016; Aug 7, 2017; Aug 6, 2018; Aug 5, 2019; Aug 3, 2020; Aug 2, 2021; Aug 1, 2022; Aug 7, 2023
Labour DayMay 2, 2011; May 7, 2012; May 6, 2013; May 5, 2014; May 4, 2015; May 2, 2016; May 1, 2017; May 7, 2018; May 6, 2019; May 4, 2020; May 3, 2021; May 2, 2022; May 1, 2023
Last LapAug 2, 2011; Aug 7, 2012; Aug 6, 2013; Aug 5, 2014; Aug 4, 2015; Aug 2, 2016; Aug 1, 2017; Aug 7, 2018; Aug 6, 2019; Aug 4, 2020; Aug 3, 2021; Aug 2, 2022; Aug 1, 2023
National Heroes DayDec 9
New Year's DayJan 1
Whit MondayJun 13, 2011; May 28, 2012; May 20, 2013; Jun 9, 2014; May 25, 2015; May 16, 2016; Jun 5, 2017; May 21, 2018; Jun 10, 2019; Jun 1, 2020; May 24, 2021; Jun 6, 2022; May 29, 2023

Antigua and Barbuda

a state in the Caribbean, comprising the islands of Antigua, Barbuda, and Redonda: gained independence in 1981: a member of the Commonwealth. Official language: English. Religion: Christian majority. Currency: East Caribbean dollar. Capital: St John's. Pop.: 73 000 (2003 est.). Area: 442 sq. km (171 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
SIERRA LEONE STA TA T RS IN STRIPES Sierra Leone's flagbearer James Fayia leads their athletes HUE'RE THE MAN The colourful Antiguans dance into Celtic Park ANTIGUA ISLE OF MANX A LOT The Isle of Man team doffed their caps to Scotland with tartan hats RETRO COOL The Welsh guys wore Harrington jackets while the girls stood out in vivid red WALES CANADA RESPECT The Canadian team pay tribute to their hosts in tartan trews COME ON Scotland's Kenny Bain, left, roars to the crowd at Celtic Park.
Driving round the island puts you in touch with real Antiguans, as does a meal at Papa Zouk's, an authentic restaurant with seafood to die for, run by German-born Bert, who used to be a diving instructor, and his Antiguan partner.
Two Antiguans, Avie Howell, 18, and Kaniel Martin, 21, are due to stand trial charged with murdering the Mullanys in Antigua this autumn.
Almost every Antiguan landmark bears witness to the influence of the British on the island.
In a way, that's good news, because circa 1995, it was all but over for the Antiguan Racer.
Because of their belief in white civilization, Antiguans did not recognize racism in the behavior of the Czechoslovakian dentist-cum-pediatrician who "would send his wife to inspect us before we were admitted to his presence, and she would make sure that we didn't smell, that we didn't have dirt under our fingernails, and that nothing else about us--apart from the colour of our skin--would offend the doctor" (1988, 28).
In the ruling, the Antiguans argued that it is inappropriate to treat businesses that conduct transactions online as if they are unequal to or somehow less credible than traditional brick-and-mortar operations.
A native Antiguan, Lawrence (who has run his business for almost a decade) gives you a flavour of not just what Antigua has to offer tourists, but also how 'regular' Antiguans negotiate their way through the hustle and bustle of daily life.
Crime in Antigua and Barbuda, as indicated earlier disproportionately effects Antiguans and Barbudans, for the most part crime is not a frequent activity to which visitors are subjected.
Despite the recent opening of a new plant intended to increase the water supply, Antiguans are complaining about a shortage, reports AP (July 12, 2006).
Most Antiguans are of African lineage, descendants of slaves brought to the island centuries ago to labour in the sugar-cane fields.
Antiguans are warm and friendly people who are quite hospitable upon your arrival.