Antiochus I

Antiochus I

(Antiochus Soter) (āntī`əkəs sō`tər), b. c.324 B.C., d. c.262 or 261 B.C., king of Syria (280–261? B.C.), son of Seleucus ISeleucus I
(Seleucus Nicator) , d. 280 B.C., king of ancient Syria. An able general of Alexander the Great, he played a leading part in the wars of the Diadochi. In the new partition of the empire in 312 B.C. he received Babylonia.
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. He did not, like his father, seek to expand in Europe. The Seleucid holdings were greatly reduced, particularly by the Egyptians under Ptolemy IIPtolemy II
(Ptolemy Philadelphus) , c.308–246 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (285–246 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy I and Berenice (c.340–281 B.C.). He continued his father's efforts to make Alexandria the cultural center of the Greek world.
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. Antiochus was famous as a founder of cities.
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On the other hand, Kristeller offers an interesting theory about the origin of the view that Platonic forms are ideas in the mind of god: in chapter 8 a cumulative argument is developed to show that Antiochus is the probable author of this synthetic theory.