Antisthenes

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Antisthenes

(ăntĭs`thənēz), b. 444? B.C., d. after 371 B.C., Greek philosopher, founder of the CynicsCynics
[Gr.,=doglike, probably from their manners and their meeting place, the Cynosarges, an academy for Athenian youths], ancient school of philosophy founded c.440 B.C. by Antisthenes, a disciple of Socrates.
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. Most of his paradoxical views stemmed from his early Sophist orientation, even though he became one of Socrates' most ardent followers. He believed that man's happiness lay in cultivating virtue for its own sake. To attain virtue, man must reduce his dependence on the external world to a minimum, disregard social convention, shun pleasure, and live in poverty. Antisthenes, like Xenophanes, repudiated polytheism, substituting one god, whom he described as unlike anything known to man. His view that each individual is unique had implications for ethics and for a theory of knowledge.

Antisthenes

(444–371 B. C.) Greek philosopher and founder of Cynic school. [Gk. Hist.: NCE, 121]
References in periodicals archive ?
In two set speeches most often attributed to Antisthenes and dated toward the end of the fifth century (ca.
51), Antisthenes analyzed Odysseus' most famous epithet polutropos as applying equally to the character and his speech: the polutropos man had a firm grasp of many tropoi (i.
73) For Antisthenes this adjective in its rhetorical application applies to the adaptability with which the polutropos man suits his speaking style--and perhaps especially his manner of self-representation--to that of his audience (C.
Blass' 1871 edition groups the speech with those of Gorgias and Antisthenes.