Antisthenes


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Antisthenes

(ăntĭs`thənēz), b. 444? B.C., d. after 371 B.C., Greek philosopher, founder of the CynicsCynics
[Gr.,=doglike, probably from their manners and their meeting place, the Cynosarges, an academy for Athenian youths], ancient school of philosophy founded c.440 B.C. by Antisthenes, a disciple of Socrates.
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. Most of his paradoxical views stemmed from his early Sophist orientation, even though he became one of Socrates' most ardent followers. He believed that man's happiness lay in cultivating virtue for its own sake. To attain virtue, man must reduce his dependence on the external world to a minimum, disregard social convention, shun pleasure, and live in poverty. Antisthenes, like Xenophanes, repudiated polytheism, substituting one god, whom he described as unlike anything known to man. His view that each individual is unique had implications for ethics and for a theory of knowledge.

Antisthenes

(444–371 B. C.) Greek philosopher and founder of Cynic school. [Gk. Hist.: NCE, 121]
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Reduzierung des Korpergewichts reicht und das doch in Sokrates seine eigentliche Mitte und in der Ablehnung der Knabenliebe und im Preis auf die Ehe als die schonste Form erotischen Zusammenlebens sein Ziel besitzt, wobei der Fortgang der Erzahlung zumal durch die Einwurfe und Fragen des Antisthenes belebt und in Gang gehalten wird.
29) Als sie dabei auf Sokrates (dessen zentrale Rolle in der Erzahlung immer deutlicher hervortreten sollte) samt seinen Begleitern Kritoboulos, Hermogenes, Antisthenes und Charmides stiessen, schickte er seine beiden Ehrengaste in Begleitung eines Dieners voraus, um auf jene zuzugehen und zur Teilnahme an dem bevorstehenden Gastmahl einzuladen, weil das Festessen durch die Gegenwart von Mannern wie sie, die ihre Herzen einer Reinigung durch die Philosophie unterzogen hatten, mehr Glanz gewonne als wenn Strategen und Hipparchen, wenn Heeres- und Kavallerieoffiziere an ihm teilnahmen (Symp.
Rolle und Bedeutung der Beitrage des Antisthenes zum laufenden Gesprach
Antisthenes was a pupil of Socrates and occasional rival of Plato.
Plato and Antisthenes shared many beliefs in common with all philosophers - rejection of wealth and luxury, and embracing the pursuit of wisdom and virtue.
For this reason every city is filled with such knavery, particularly with those who enlist with Diogenes, Antisthenes, and Crates and are posted under the dog.
In addition to his monotheistic statement mentioned above, Antisthenes also commented on the epistemological impossibility of claiming knowledge of God by way of analogy.
Antisthenes, Diogenes, Epictetus--each was a Silenus, as were the prophets of the Old Testament and the Apostles.
Antisthenes the Cynic, a defender of the philosophy of nominalism, once had an argument with Plato about whether it was possible to discern the nature of a horse.
Plato's objections are, in turn, set against the Stoic methods of exegesis, anticipated by the Socratic Antisthenes, which sought to differentiate Homer's own beliefs from the opinions that are merely represented in the poems and not endorsed by the poet himself: an attempt to separate the values of the author from those of the characters in the author's work.
For example, it is possible, even likely given what we know about relations between Plato and men like Antisthenes or Isocrates, that Plato simply wishes to ridicule his competitors, whose position is represented by the hostile interlocutors.
Note also that Antisthenes made use of it to deny the possibility of contradiction; see Proclus in.