Antisthenes


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Antisthenes

(ăntĭs`thənēz), b. 444? B.C., d. after 371 B.C., Greek philosopher, founder of the CynicsCynics
[Gr.,=doglike, probably from their manners and their meeting place, the Cynosarges, an academy for Athenian youths], ancient school of philosophy founded c.440 B.C. by Antisthenes, a disciple of Socrates.
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. Most of his paradoxical views stemmed from his early Sophist orientation, even though he became one of Socrates' most ardent followers. He believed that man's happiness lay in cultivating virtue for its own sake. To attain virtue, man must reduce his dependence on the external world to a minimum, disregard social convention, shun pleasure, and live in poverty. Antisthenes, like Xenophanes, repudiated polytheism, substituting one god, whom he described as unlike anything known to man. His view that each individual is unique had implications for ethics and for a theory of knowledge.

Antisthenes

(444–371 B. C.) Greek philosopher and founder of Cynic school. [Gk. Hist.: NCE, 121]
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Reduzierung des Korpergewichts reicht und das doch in Sokrates seine eigentliche Mitte und in der Ablehnung der Knabenliebe und im Preis auf die Ehe als die schonste Form erotischen Zusammenlebens sein Ziel besitzt, wobei der Fortgang der Erzahlung zumal durch die Einwurfe und Fragen des Antisthenes belebt und in Gang gehalten wird.
Antisthenes was a pupil of Socrates and occasional rival of Plato.
For this reason every city is filled with such knavery, particularly with those who enlist with Diogenes, Antisthenes, and Crates and are posted under the dog.
101r-v), for example, he indicates his preference for Stoicism: "I follow and have always strongly pursued that set of teachings which, begun by Antisthenes, was expanded by Zeno and completed by Chrysippus.
However, whereas Antisthenes tries to clarify these different meanings, Plato's Socrates exploits the ambiguity to confuse his interlocutor.
The narrator's contempt recalls the scorn poured by Cynics such as Diogenes and Antisthenes on people who lived luxurious lives.
A member or follower of a school of philosophers founded by Antisthenes (b ab 444 B.
C] Antisthenes permet au sage d'aimer et faire a samode ce qu'il trouve estre opportun, sans s'attendre aux loix; d'autant qu'il a meilleur advis qu'elles, et plus de cognoissance de la vertu.
Athenian philosopher Antisthenes wrote, "Observe your enemies, for they first find out your faults.
Antisthenes, Diogenes, Epictetus--each was a Silenus, as were the prophets of the Old Testament and the Apostles.
33) The personae of the Phaedo include: Apollodorus of Phaleron; Critobolus, son of Crito; Crito of the deme Alopece; Hermogenes (probably Callias' brother); Epigenes, son of Antiphon; Antisthenes, son of Antisthenes; Ctesippus of the deme Paianias; Menexenus, son of Demophon; Phaedo; Simmias and Cebes, brothers from Thebes; Euclides of Megara; Terpsion of Megara; and Phaedonidas.
Again it is perhaps not surprising that Antisthenes, who liked to surprise, claimed that `Aphrodite has corrupted many fine and good women' (fr.