Antofagasta

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Antofagasta

(äntōfägä`stä), city (1992 pop. 226,749), capital of Antofagasta region, N Chile, a port on the Pacific Ocean. Antofagasta was founded by Chileans in 1870 to exploit nitrates in the Atacama Desert, then under Bolivian administration. Its occupation by Chilean troops in 1879 sparked the War of the Pacific (see Pacific, War of thePacific, War of the,
1879–84, war between Chile and the allied nations, Peru and Bolivia; also called the Chile–Peruvian War. The trouble began when President Hilarión Daza of Bolivia rescinded (Feb.
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), and after the war the city and province were ceded to Chile. Antofagasta has depended primarily on nitrates and copper and sulfur exports, and its economy has often been affected by sharp fluctuations in world demands. Borax and iodine are also mined. The city is an international commercial center and a major industrial hub with large foundries and ore refineries. Backed by desert hills, Antofagasta enjoys a fine climate but has little rainfall. Water is piped in from the San Pedro River, 280 mi (451 km) away. The Univ. of the North was established in Antofagasta in 1956. The city is located on the Pan-American Highway, which facilitates communication with the rest of Chile.
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary of SMRs for 30-49-year-old males and females (pooled) who were born in Antofagasta, Chile, combining those born before and during the high-exposure period (Smith et al.
10, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- The sun's first rays spread across the protected harbor of Antofagasta, Chile, Jan.
Located at an electrical substation 172 kilometers from Antofagasta, Chile, the Los Andes Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) has been delivering a similar reliability service since 2009.
Project Location: Mejillones, north of Antofagasta, Chile
played a vital role in the Desalant project located in Antofagasta, Chile, which was honored recently by Project Finance Magazine (PFM) as the 2005 "Latin America Water Deal of the Year.
Contract Awarded for sustaining capital services for its Radomiro Tomic (RT) copper mine in Calama, Antofagasta, Chile.
GSE) today announced that it has acquired the operating assets of SL Limitada, (SL) a privately owned company, located in Santiago and Antofagasta, Chile.
of Chile for its Altonorte copper smelter operation near Antofagasta, Chile.
Revenue from the mine funded the first railway line to Bolivia, which connected the mine to the port of Antofagasta, Chile in 1888.
Air Products today announced that INDURA, its South American joint venture, will build a new plant in Antofagasta, Chile, as well as expand the capacity of its Graneros plant, south of Santiago.