Antofagasta

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Antofagasta

(äntōfägä`stä), city (1992 pop. 226,749), capital of Antofagasta region, N Chile, a port on the Pacific Ocean. Antofagasta was founded by Chileans in 1870 to exploit nitrates in the Atacama Desert, then under Bolivian administration. Its occupation by Chilean troops in 1879 sparked the War of the Pacific (see Pacific, War of thePacific, War of the,
1879–84, war between Chile and the allied nations, Peru and Bolivia; also called the Chile–Peruvian War. The trouble began when President Hilarión Daza of Bolivia rescinded (Feb.
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), and after the war the city and province were ceded to Chile. Antofagasta has depended primarily on nitrates and copper and sulfur exports, and its economy has often been affected by sharp fluctuations in world demands. Borax and iodine are also mined. The city is an international commercial center and a major industrial hub with large foundries and ore refineries. Backed by desert hills, Antofagasta enjoys a fine climate but has little rainfall. Water is piped in from the San Pedro River, 280 mi (451 km) away. The Univ. of the North was established in Antofagasta in 1956. The city is located on the Pan-American Highway, which facilitates communication with the rest of Chile.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fernando Garcia-Hernandez, Unidad de Anatomia, Departamento Biomedico, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile.
Exponor, held every two years, will take place May 15-19 in Antofagasta, Chile.
Revenue from the mine funded the first railway line in Bolivia which in 1888 connected Pulacayo to the port of Antofagasta, Chile.
The company said the drilling contract has been awarded to GDA Servicios Mineros SA de CV, a Mexican subsidiary of Guinez Ingenieria Ltd headquartered in Antofagasta, Chile.
Se analizaron 23 craneos de changos del Norte de Chile, que habian sido recolectados en diversas areas del litoral de la II Region y que pertenecen a la coleccion del Museo Regional de Antofagasta, Chile.
Project Location: Mejillones, north of Antofagasta, Chile