Antoine Pevsner


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Pevsner, Antoine

(äNtwän` pyĕvz`nər), 1886–1962, Russian sculptor and painter. He was influenced by cubism while in Paris in 1911 and 1913. During World War I he was in Norway with his brother Naum GaboGabo, Naum
, 1890–1977, Russian sculptor, architect, theorist, and teacher, brother of Antoine Pevsner. Gabo lived in Munich and Norway until the end of the revolution, when he returned to Russia.
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. They returned to Moscow after the Russian Revolution. Pevsner taught at the Moscow academy and associated with avant-garde artists such as Malevich and Tatlin. He and Gabo worked together in 1920 on the manifesto of constructivismconstructivism,
Russian art movement founded c.1913 by Vladimir Tatlin, related to the movement known as suprematism. After 1916 the brothers Naum Gabo and Antoine Pevsner gave new impetus to Tatlin's art of purely abstract (although politically intended) constructions.
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. In sculpture Pevsner created constructivist works in bronze and other materials, such as his portrait of Marcel Duchamp (1926; Yale Univ.). His rhythmic, abstract designs intended a new synthesis of the plastic arts. Impending conflict with the regime caused Pevsner to leave the Soviet Union in 1922. The next year he settled in France. Several of his constructions are in the Museum of Modern Art, New York City.

Bibliography

See biography by his brother, Alexi Pevsner (1964).

References in periodicals archive ?
As the design developed, Calatrava drew inspiration from the linear sculptural constructions of Naum Gabo and the spatial experiments of Antoine Pevsner.
The brothers Naum [Pevsner] Gabo (1890 - 1977) and Antoine Pevsner (1886 - 1962) developed Tatlin's ideas of abstract constructions into sculptural experiments with form, space, and motion, making use of contrasting scales and planes, and set forth the movement's principles in the Realist Manifesto (1920).
This stunning exhibition of almost a half century of drawings (1912-56) by Antoine Pevsner was accompanied by one of the few surviving copies of the "Realistic Manifesto," which Pevsner wrote with his brother Naum Gabo on the occasion of their open-air Tverskoy Boulevard exhibition in Moscow in 1920.